UAE's Penal Code: A Guide to Criminal Law of UAE

United Arab Emirates yakhazikitsa lamulo lachilango lokwanira lomwe limagwira ntchito ngati maziko a malamulo ake ophwanya malamulo. Lamuloli limagwira ntchito yofunika kwambiri posunga malamulo ndi bata mdziko muno pomwe zikuwonetsa zikhalidwe ndi miyambo ya anthu aku UAE. Kumvetsetsa malamulo a zilango za UAE ndikofunikira kwa okhalamo, alendo, ndi mabizinesi omwe akugwira ntchito mdzikolo kuti awonetsetse kuti akutsatira ndikupewa zotsatira zalamulo. Nkhaniyi ikufuna kupereka chiwongolero chokwanira chalamulo laupandu la UAE, ndikuwunika zofunikira ndi zomwe zafotokozedwa m'chilango.

Kodi Lamulo Lachigawenga Limene Likulamulira UAE ndi Chiyani?

Lamulo la UAE Penal Code, lomwe limadziwika kuti Federal Law No. 3 of 1987 on Issuance of the Penal Code, lomwe lasinthidwa posachedwapa mu 2022 ndi Federal Law No. machitidwe azamalamulo. Kuphatikiza pa mfundo zachisilamu, ndondomeko yachigawenga ku Dubai imachokera ku lamulo la Criminal Procedures Law No 31 ya 2021. Lamuloli limayang'anira kuyika madandaulo a milandu, kufufuza zachigawenga, ndondomeko za milandu, zigamulo, ndi zodandaula.

Omwe akutenga nawo gawo pachigawenga cha UAE ndi wozunzidwa / wodandaula, woimbidwa mlandu / wozengedwa mlandu, apolisi, Woyimira milandu wa anthu, ndi makhothi. Mlandu waupandu nthawi zambiri umayamba pomwe wozunzidwayo akasuma munthu yemwe akuimbidwa mlandu ku polisi yapafupi. Apolisi ali ndi udindo wofufuza milandu yomwe akuganiziridwa, pomwe Woimira boma pamilandu amazenga mlandu woimbidwa mlandu kukhoti.

Khothi la UAE limaphatikizapo makhothi akulu atatu:

  • Khothi Loyamba: Akangozengedwa kumene, milandu yonse yamilandu imafika kukhoti lino. Khotilo lili ndi woweruza mmodzi amene amamvetsera mlanduwo ndi kupereka chigamulo. Komabe, oweruza atatu amamvetsera ndi kugamula mlanduwo pamlandu wopalamula (umene uli ndi zilango zokhwima). Palibe chilolezo choti kuzengedwa mlandu kwa jury pakadali pano.
  • Khoti la Apilo: Khoti Loyamba Likapereka chigamulo chake, mbali iliyonse ikhoza kupeleka apilo ku Khoti Loona za Apilo. Chonde dziwani kuti khoti ili silikumvanso nkhaniyi. Ingoyenera kudziwa ngati panali zolakwika pachigamulo cha khoti laling'ono.
  • Khothi la Cassation: Aliyense amene sanakhutire ndi chigamulo cha Khoti Loona za Apilo atha kuchita apilo ku Cassation Court. Chigamulo cha khoti limeneli n’chomaliza.

Ngati wapezeka wolakwa, kumvetsetsa Ndondomeko Yokadandaula Zazigawenga ku UAE ndizofunikira. Woyimira milandu wodziwa zambiri atha kuthandizira kuzindikira zifukwa zochitira apilo chigamulo kapena chigamulocho.

Kodi mfundo zazikuluzikulu ndi zoperekedwa ndi Penal Code ya UAE ndi ziti?

Lamulo la UAE Penal Code (Federal Law No. 3 of 1987) lazikidwa pa kuphatikiza kwa mfundo za Sharia (malamulo achisilamu) ndi malingaliro azamalamulo amakono. Cholinga chake ndi kusunga malamulo ndi bata ndikusunga zikhalidwe ndi zipembedzo za gulu la UAE, malinga ndi mfundo zomwe zafotokozedwa mu Article 1.

  1. Mfundo Zochokera ku Sharia Law
  • Zoletsa zinthu monga kutchova njuga, kumwa mowa, kugonana kosaloledwa
  • Milandu ya Hudud monga kuba ndi chigololo ili ndi zilango zokhazikitsidwa ndi Sharia mwachitsanzo, kudula ziwalo, kuponyedwa miyala.
  • Kubwezera "diso kulipira diso" chilungamo pamilandu monga kupha ndi kuvulaza thupi
  1. Mfundo Zalamulo Zamakono
  • Codification ndi kuyimitsidwa kwa malamulo ku emirates
  • Milandu yodziwika bwino, zilango, malire ovomerezeka
  • Njira yoyenera, kuganiza kuti ndi wosalakwa, ufulu wopatsidwa uphungu
  1. Mfundo Zofunikira
  • Zolakwa zotsutsana ndi chitetezo cha boma - chiwembu, uchigawenga, ndi zina zotero.
  • Zolakwa kwa anthu - kupha, kumenya, kuipitsa mbiri, milandu yaulemu
  • Milandu yazachuma - chinyengo, kuphwanya chikhulupiriro, chinyengo, kuwononga ndalama
  • Upandu wapaintaneti - kubera, chinyengo pa intaneti, zosaloledwa
  • Chitetezo cha anthu, milandu yamakhalidwe, ntchito zoletsedwa

Penal Code imaphatikiza Sharia ndi mfundo zamasiku ano, ngakhale zina zimatsutsidwa ndi ufulu wa anthu. Kufunsana ndi akatswiri azamalamulo amderali ndikovomerezeka.

Criminal Law vs Criminal Procedure Law ku UAE

Lamulo laupandu limatanthawuza malamulo okhazikika omwe amakhazikitsa chomwe ndi mlandu ndikupereka chilango kapena chilango chomwe chiyenera kuperekedwa pa zolakwa zotsimikiziridwa. Zimayikidwa pansi pa UAE Penal Code (Federal Law No. 3 of 1987).

Zinthu Zofunika:

  • Magulu ndi magulu amilandu
  • Zinthu zomwe zimayenera kutsimikiziridwa kuti mchitidwewo ukhale wolakwa
  • Chilango kapena chilango chogwirizana ndi mlandu uliwonse

Mwachitsanzo, Penal Code imati kupha munthu ndi mlandu ndipo kumapereka chilango kwa munthu amene wapezeka ndi mlandu wakupha.

Komano, Lamulo la Zaupandu, limakhazikitsa malamulo ndi njira zotsatsira malamulo okhudza zaupandu. Zafotokozedwa mu UAE Criminal Procedure Law (Federal Law No. 35 of 1992).

Zinthu Zofunika:

  • Mphamvu ndi malire a kutsata malamulo pakufufuza
  • Njira zomangidwa, kutsekeredwa, ndi kuimbidwa mlandu woimbidwa mlandu
  • Ufulu ndi chitetezo choperekedwa kwa woimbidwa mlandu
  • Kuyendetsa milandu ndi makhoti
  • Ndondomeko ya apilo pambuyo pa chigamulo

Mwachitsanzo, limakhazikitsa malamulo osonkhanitsa umboni, njira yolipiritsa munthu, kuweruza mwachilungamo, ndi njira yochitira apilo.

Ngakhale kuti lamulo laupandu limafotokoza chomwe upandu ndi mlandu, malamulo okhudza zaupandu amaonetsetsa kuti malamulowo akutsatiridwa moyenera kudzera munjira yachiweruzo yokhazikitsidwa, kuyambira pakufufuza mpaka kuimbidwa mlandu ndi kuzenga milandu.

Yoyamba ikufotokoza zotsatira zalamulo, yomalizayo imathandizira kutsatiridwa kwa malamulowo.

    Kugawika kwa Zolakwa ndi Zolakwa mulamulo laupandu la UAE

    Musanapereke madandaulo olakwa, ndikofunikira kuphunzira mitundu yamilandu ndi zolakwa zomwe zili pansi pa malamulo a UAE. Pali mitundu itatu yamilandu yayikulu ndi zilango zake:

    • Kuphwanya (Kuphwanya): Ili ndiye gulu locheperako kapena cholakwika chaching'ono chamilandu ya UAE. Zimaphatikizapo kuchitapo kanthu kapena kusiya zomwe zimakopa chilango kapena chilango chosapitirira masiku 10 m'ndende kapena chindapusa choposa 1,000 dirham.
    • Kulakwitsa: Wolakwa amalangidwa ndi kutsekeredwa m'ndende, chindapusa cha 1,000 mpaka 10,000 dirham kwambiri, kapena kuthamangitsidwa. Mlandu kapena chilango chingathenso kukopa Diyyat, malipiro achisilamu a "ndalama zamagazi".
    • Ziwawa: Awa ndi milandu yoopsa kwambiri pansi pa malamulo a UAE, ndipo amalangidwa ndi ukaidi wa moyo wonse, imfa, kapena Diyyat.

    Kodi Malamulo Ophwanya Malamulo Amakhazikitsidwa Bwanji ku UAE?

    Malamulo apaupandu ku UAE amatsatiridwa ndi kuyesayesa kophatikizana kwa mabungwe azamalamulo, otsutsa boma, ndi makhothi, monga zafotokozedwera mu UAE Criminal Procedure Law. Ntchitoyi nthawi zambiri imayamba ndi kafukufuku wochitidwa ndi apolisi atalandira chidziwitso chokhudza umbanda. Ali ndi mphamvu zoitanitsa anthu, kusonkhanitsa umboni, kumanga, ndi kutumiza milandu kwa akuluakulu a boma.

    Kenako wozenga milandu wa anthu amaunikanso umboniwo n’kusankha ngati aimbidwa mlandu kapena kuchotseratu mlanduwo. Ngati milandu yaperekedwa, mlanduwu umapita ku khoti loyenera - Khoti Loyamba chifukwa cha zolakwa ndi zolakwika, ndi Khoti Loona za Misdemeanors chifukwa cha zolakwa zazing'ono. Mayesero amayang'aniridwa ndi oweruza omwe amawunika umboni ndi maumboni operekedwa ndi otsutsa ndi chitetezo.

    Khoti likapereka chigamulo, woimbidwa mlandu komanso wozenga mlandu ali ndi ufulu wochita apilo ku makhoti akuluakulu monga Khoti Loona za Apilo kenako Khoti Loona za Ufulu. Kukhazikitsa zigamulo ndi ziganizo zomaliza kumachitika kudzera mwa apolisi, kuzemba milandu, komanso ndende ku UAE.

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    Kodi Njira Yoperekera Lipoti Laupandu ku UAE Ndi Chiyani?

    Chigawenga chikachitika ku UAE, chochita choyamba ndikukadandaula kupolisi pamalo oyandikira, makamaka pafupi ndi komwe kudachitika. Izi zitha kuchitika pakamwa kapena polemba, koma madandaulowo ayenera kufotokoza momveka bwino zomwe zimapanga mlanduwo.

    Apolisi adzapatsa wodandaulayo kuti apereke mawu awo, omwe amalembedwa m'Chiarabu ndipo ayenera kusainidwa. Kuphatikiza apo, malamulo a UAE amalola odandaula kuti aitane mboni zomwe zingatsimikizire akaunti yawo ndikubwereketsa zikhulupiriro zawo. Kukhala ndi mboni kumapereka chidziwitso chowonjezera kungathandize kwambiri kufufuza kwaupandu wotsatira.

    Madandaulo akaperekedwa, akuluakulu aboma amayamba kufufuza kuti atsimikizire zomwe zanenedwazo ndikuyesera kuzindikira ndi kupeza omwe akuwakayikira. Kutengera mtundu wa upandu, izi zitha kuphatikizira apolisi, oyang'anira zolowa ndi anthu otuluka, alonda a m'mphepete mwa nyanja, oyang'anira ma tauni, oyang'anira malire, ndi mabungwe ena osunga malamulo.

    Gawo lalikulu la kafukufukuyu ndikufunsa anthu omwe akuwakayikira ndikutenga ziganizo zawo. Oganiziridwawo alinso ndi ufulu wopereka mboni zawo kuti zitsimikizire zomwe zikuchitika. Akuluakulu amasonkhanitsa ndi kusanthula umboni wonse womwe ulipo monga zolemba, zithunzi/mavidiyo, zazamalamulo, ndi umboni wa mboni.

    Ngati kafukufukuyo apeza umboni wokwanira wokhudza mlandu, woimira boma pamilandu ndiye amasankha kuti aimbidwe mlandu. Ngati milandu ikaperekedwa, mlanduwo umapita ku makhothi a UAE malinga ndi Lamulo la Criminal Procedure Law.

    Pakadali pano, omwe akufuna kutsutsa chipani china ayenera kuchitapo kanthu kuwonjezera pa dandaulo la apolisi:

    • Pezani lipoti lachipatala losonyeza kuvulala kulikonse
    • Sonkhanitsani umboni wina monga zolemba za inshuwaransi ndi ziganizo za mboni
    • Funsani loya wodziwa bwino ntchito yoteteza milandu

    Ngati woimira boma pamilandu apita patsogolo ndi milandu, wodandaulayo angafunikire kupereka mlandu wamba kuti mlanduwu ukamvedwe kukhothi.

    Ndi Mitundu Yanji Yamilandu Inganenedwe?

    Zolakwa zotsatirazi zitha kunenedwa kwa apolisi ku UAE:

    • Kupha
    • Kudzipha
    • Kubwezera
    • Kugonana Kwachiwerewere
    • Wakuba
    • kuba
    • Kubera ndalama
    • Nkhani zokhudzana ndi magalimoto
    • Kugulitsa
    • Zonama
    • Zolakwira Mankhwala Osokoneza Bongo
    • Mlandu wina uliwonse kapena zochita zophwanya lamulo

    Pazochitika zokhudzana ndi chitetezo kapena kuzunzidwa, apolisi angapezeke mwachindunji kudzera ku Aman Service pa 8002626 kapena kudzera pa SMS ku 8002828. Webusaiti ya apolisi aku Abu Dhabi kapena panthambi iliyonse ya Criminal Investigation Department (CID) ku Dubai.

    Kodi Njira Zofufuza Zazigawenga Ndi Mayesero ku UAE Ndi Chiyani?

    Kufufuza kwaumbanda ku UAE kumayendetsedwa ndi Criminal Procedure Law ndipo imayang'aniridwa ndi otsutsa boma. Mlandu ukanenedwa, apolisi ndi mabungwe ena azamalamulo amafufuza koyamba kuti apeze umboni. Izi zingaphatikizepo:

    • Kufunsa okayikira, ozunzidwa, ndi mboni
    • Kusonkhanitsa umboni weniweni, zolemba, zojambulira etc.
    • Kufufuza, kugwidwa, ndi kufufuza kwazamalamulo
    • Kugwira ntchito ndi akatswiri ndi alangizi ngati pakufunika

    Zomwe zapezazo zimaperekedwa kwa akuluakulu a boma, omwe amawunikiranso umboniwo ndikusankha ngati angaimbe mlandu kapena kuchotsa mlanduwo. Woimira boma pamilandu adzayitanira ndikufunsanso padera wodandaulayo ndi wokayikira kuti adziwe za nkhani zawo. Pakadali pano, gulu lililonse litha kutulutsa mboni kuti zitsimikizire akaunti yawo ndikuthandiza Woyimira pamilandu pagulu kuti adziwe ngati mlanduwo ndi wofunikira. Zolemba pakadali pano zimapangidwanso kapena kumasuliridwa mu Chiarabu ndikusainidwa ndi onse awiri. Ngati milandu yaperekedwa, wozenga milandu amakonzekera mlanduwo kuti ukazengedwe.

    Milandu yamilandu ku UAE imachitika m'makhothi motsogozedwa ndi oweruza. Ndondomekoyi nthawi zambiri imaphatikizapo:

    • Milandu yomwe akuwerengedwa ndi omwe akutsutsa
    • Woyimbidwa mlandu akudandaula kuti ndi wolakwa kapena kuti alibe mlandu
    • Otsutsa ndi chitetezo akupereka umboni wawo ndi mfundo zawo
    • Kuyesedwa kwa mboni za mbali zonse ziwiri
    • Mawu omaliza otsutsa ndi chitetezo

    Woweruza (a) ndiye amalingalira mwachinsinsi ndikupereka chigamulo choyenera - kumasula wotsutsa ngati sakukhudzidwa ndi kulakwa kopanda kukayikira kapena kupereka chigamulo ndi chigamulo ngati apeza kuti wotsutsayo ndi wolakwa malinga ndi umboni.

    Aliyense wopezeka wolakwa komanso wozenga milandu ali ndi ufulu wochita apilo ku makhothi akuluakulu kuti asagamule chigamulo kapena chilango. Makhothi a apilo amawunika zolemba zamilanduyo ndipo akhoza kuvomereza kapena kutsutsa chigamulo cha khoti laling'ono.

    Munthawi yonseyi, maufulu ena monga kuganiza kuti ndi wosalakwa, kupeza uphungu wazamalamulo, ndi mfundo zaumboni ndi umboni ziyenera kutsatiridwa malinga ndi malamulo a UAE. Makhoti amilandu amaweruza milandu kuyambira pamilandu yaing’ono mpaka pamilandu ikuluikulu monga katangale wa zachuma, zachiwawa pa intaneti, ndi zachiwawa.

    Kodi Ndizotheka Kutsata Mlandu Wachiwembu Ngati Wolakwira Sanapezeke?

    Inde, ndizotheka kutsata mlandu wina, ngakhale wolakwayo sangapezeke. Tiyerekeze kuti wozunzidwayo wasonkhanitsa umboni wosonyeza momwe anavulalidwira ndipo atha kupereka zolemba zomveka bwino za nthawi ndi malo omwe zinachitika. Zikatero, kudzakhala kotheka kutsata mlandu waupandu.

    Kodi Ufulu Wazamalamulo wa Ozunzidwa Ndi Chiyani Pansi pa Lamulo Laupandu la UAE?

    UAE imachitapo kanthu kuti iteteze ndikusunga ufulu wa omwe akuzunzidwa panthawi yalamulo. Ufulu woperekedwa kwa ozunzidwa pansi pa UAE Criminal Procedure Law ndi malamulo ena akuphatikiza:

    1. Ufulu Wopereka Madandaulo Ozunzidwa ali ndi ufulu wonena za milandu ndi kuyambitsa milandu kwa olakwa.
    2. Ufulu Panthawi Yofufuza
    • Ufulu wokhala ndi madandaulo mwachangu ndi kufufuzidwa bwino
    • Ufulu wopereka umboni ndi umboni wa umboni
    • Ufulu kutenga nawo mbali pazofufuza
    1. Ufulu Pamayesero
    • Ufulu wopeza uphungu wa zamalamulo ndi kuyimilira
    • Ufulu wopita ku khothi pokhapokha ngati wachotsedwa pazifukwa
    • Ufulu wowunikiranso / ndemanga pa umboni womwe waperekedwa
    1. Ufulu Wofunafuna Zowonongeka / Kulipira
    • Ufulu wopempha chipukuta misozi kwa olakwira chifukwa cha zowonongeka, kuvulala, ndalama zachipatala ndi zina zotayika zomwe zingatheke.
    • Ozunzidwa athanso kufunafuna kubweza ndalama zoyendera ndi ndalama zina koma osati malipiro / ndalama zomwe zatayika chifukwa cha nthawi yomwe amathera pamilandu ya khothi.
    1. Ufulu Wokhudzana ndi Zazinsinsi, Chitetezo ndi Chithandizo
    • Ufulu wokhala ndi zidziwitso zotetezedwa ndikusungidwa chinsinsi ngati pakufunika
    • Ufulu wotetezedwa kwa omwe akukhudzidwa ndi milandu monga kuzembetsa anthu, nkhanza ndi zina.
    • Kupeza chithandizo chothandizira ozunzidwa, malo ogona, uphungu ndi ndalama zothandizira ndalama

    UAE yakhazikitsa njira zothandizira ozunzidwa kuti adzinenere zowononga ndi chipukuta misozi kudzera m'milandu yachiwembu kwa olakwira. Kuphatikiza apo, ozunzidwa ali ndi ufulu wothandizidwa ndi zamalamulo ndipo amatha kusankha maloya kapena kupatsidwa thandizo lazamalamulo. Mabungwe othandizira amaperekanso upangiri ndi upangiri waulere.

    Ponseponse, malamulo a UAE amayang'ana kuteteza ufulu wa ozunzidwa pazinsinsi, kupewa kuchitiridwa nkhanza, kuonetsetsa chitetezo, kupereka chipukuta misozi, komanso kupereka zithandizo zokonzanso anthu pa nthawi ya milandu.

    Kodi Udindo wa Loya Woteteza Pamilandu Yamilandu Ndi Chiyani?

    Woyimira mlanduyo ali ndi udindo woteteza wolakwayo kukhothi. Angatsutse umboni woperekedwa ndi woimira boma ndi kunena kuti wolakwayo amasulidwe kapena kupatsidwa chilango chocheperako.

    Nazi zina mwa ntchito zomwe loya wamilandu amachita pamilandu yaupandu:

    • Woyimira mlandu atha kuyankhula m'malo mwa wolakwa pamilandu ya khothi.
    • Ngati mlanduwo utha ndi chigamulo, loya adzagwira ntchito limodzi ndi woimbidwa mlanduyo kuti adziwe chigamulo choyenera ndikupereka mikhalidwe yochepetsera kuti achepetse chilango.
    • Pokambirana ndi omwe akuzenga mlanduwo, loya woyimira mlandu atha kupereka malingaliro kuti achepetse chilango.
    • Woyimira mlandu ndi amene ali ndi udindo woyimira wozengedwa mlandu poweruza milandu.

    Kodi Udindo wa Umboni Wa Forensic Pamilandu Yaupandu Ndi Chiyani?

    Umboni wa forensic nthawi zambiri umagwiritsidwa ntchito pamilandu yachigawenga kutsimikizira zenizeni za zomwe zidachitika. Izi zingaphatikizepo umboni wa DNA, zisindikizo za zala, umboni wa ballistics, ndi mitundu ina ya umboni wa sayansi.

    Kodi Apolisi Amagwira Ntchito Bwanji Pamilandu Yachigawenga?

    Chidandaulo chikanenedwa, apolisi amatumiza ku madipatimenti oyenerera (dipatimenti yazachipatala, dipatimenti yaumbanda wamagetsi, ndi zina zotero) kuti akawunikenso.

    Apolisi adzatumiza madandaulowo kwa ozenga milandu, pomwe wozenga milandu adzapatsidwa ntchito kuti awonenso molingana ndi UAE Penal Code.

    Apolisi afufuzanso dandaulolo ndikusonkhanitsa umboni wotsimikizira mlanduwo. Angathenso kumanga ndi kusunga wolakwayo.

    Kodi Woimira Boma pa Milandu Yamilandu Ndi Chiyani?

    Pamene madandaulo atumizidwa kwa otsutsa boma, woimira boma adzapatsidwa ntchito kuti awonenso. Woimira boma pamlanduwo ndiye adzagamulapo kuti aize mlandu kapena ayi. Angasankhenso kusiya mlanduwo ngati palibe umboni wokwanira woichirikiza.

    Woimira boma pa milandu agwiranso ntchito ndi apolisi kuti afufuze madandaulowo ndi kutolera umboni. Angathenso kumanga ndi kusunga wolakwayo.

    Kodi Loya wa Wozunzidwa ndi Wotani pa Milandu Yaupandu?

    Wolakwa akhoza kuweruzidwa ndi kulamulidwa kuti alipire chipukuta misozi pazochitika zina. Loya wa wolakwiridwayo adzagwira ntchito ndi khoti popereka chigamulo kapena pambuyo pake kuti atole umboni wotsimikizira ngati wolakwayo ali ndi luso lazachuma kubwezera wozunzidwayo.

    Loya wa wozunzidwayo athanso kuwayimilira pamilandu ya anthu olakwa.

    Ngati mukuimbidwa mlandu wopalamula, ndikofunikira kupeza chithandizo kwa loya wamilandu. Adzatha kukulangizani za ufulu wanu ndikuyimirani kukhoti.

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    Kodi Lamulo Lachifwamba la UAE Limayendetsa Bwanji Milandu Yokhudza Alendo Kapena Alendo?

    United Arab Emirates imakhazikitsa malamulo ake onse mofanana kwa nzika ndi anthu omwe si nzika pamilandu iliyonse yomwe yachitika mkati mwa malire ake. Anthu akunja, okhala m'mayiko ena, ndi alendo onse ali pansi pa malamulo a UAE ophwanya malamulo komanso njira zoweluza popanda kupatulapo.

    Ngati akuimbidwa mlandu ku UAE, akunja adzamangidwa, kuimbidwa milandu, ndi kuimbidwa milandu kudzera m'makhothi am'deralo komwe mlanduwo udachitika. Zokambirana zili mu Chiarabu, ndipo zomasulira zimaperekedwa ngati pakufunika. Miyezo yofananira yaumboni, zoimirira mwalamulo, ndi zigamulo zimagwira ntchito mosasamala kanthu za dziko kapena malo okhala.

    Ndikofunikira kuti alendo amvetsetse kuti zovomerezeka kwina zitha kukhala milandu ku UAE chifukwa cha kusiyana kwa malamulo ndi zikhalidwe. Kusadziŵa lamulo sikukhululukila khalidwe laupandu.

    Maofesi a kazembe atha kupereka thandizo la kazembe, koma UAE imakhala ndi ulamuliro wonse pakuimbidwa mlandu kwa omwe akuimbidwa mlandu wakunja. Kulemekeza malamulo akumaloko ndikofunikira kwa alendo komanso okhalamo.

    Komanso, akunja ayenera kuzindikira kuti akhoza kutsekeredwa m'ndende panthawi ya kafukufuku, ndi njira zoyendetsera milandu ndi ufulu womvetsetsa. Milandu yamakhothi imathanso kuchedwetsedwa kwa nthawi yayitali zomwe zimakhudza nthawi yomwe munthu amakhala. Mwapadera, mfundo zoyika pachiwopsezo ziwiri zochokera kumayiko ena sizingagwire ntchito - UAE ikhoza kuyesanso munthu wina pamlandu womwe adawaimba kwina m'mbuyomu.

    Bwanji Ngati Wozunzidwa Ali M'dziko Lina?

    Ngati wozunzidwayo alibe ku UAE, atha kuperekabe umboni wothandizira mlandu. Izi zitha kuchitika pogwiritsa ntchito msonkhano wamakanema, kusungitsa pa intaneti, ndi njira zina zopezera umboni.

    Kodi Munthu Angayang'anire Bwanji Mlandu Wachigawenga Kapena Madandaulo Apolisi ku UAE?

    Njira yowunikira momwe nkhani yaupandu kapena madandaulo apolisi omwe adaperekedwa ku United Arab Emirates amasiyanasiyana kutengera komwe mlanduwo unayambira. Ma emirates awiri omwe ali ndi anthu ambiri, Dubai ndi Abu Dhabi, ali ndi njira zosiyana.

    dubai

    Ku Dubai, okhalamo amatha kugwiritsa ntchito malo ochezera a pa intaneti opangidwa ndi apolisi aku Dubai omwe amalola kuwunika kwamilandu mwa kungolowetsa nambala yolumikizira. Komabe, ngati ntchito ya digito iyi siyikupezeka, njira zina zolumikizirana nazo monga:

    • Malo oimbira foni apolisi
    • Email
    • Webusaiti/app macheza live

    Abu Dhabi

    Kumbali ina, Abu Dhabi amatenga njira ina popereka chithandizo chodzipatulira chotsata milandu kudzera pa webusayiti ya Abu Dhabi Judicial department. Kuti agwiritse ntchito izi, munthu ayenera kulembetsa kaye akaunti pogwiritsa ntchito nambala yake ya ID ya Emirates ndi tsiku lobadwa asanapeze mwayi wowona zambiri zamilandu pa intaneti.

    Malangizo Ogwirizana

    Ziribe kanthu kuti ndi emirate iti yomwe ikukhudzidwa, kusunga nambala yeniyeni yamilandu ndikofunikira pafunso lililonse lapaintaneti la momwe likuyendera komanso momwe likuyendera.

    Ngati zosankha za digito sizikupezeka kapena mukukumana ndi zovuta zaukadaulo, kulumikizana mwachindunji ndi polisi yoyambirira komwe madandaulo adasumira kapena akuluakulu amilandu omwe amayang'anira mlanduwo angapereke zosintha zofunika.

    Ndikofunikira kudziwa kuti ngakhale ntchito zolondolera pa intanetizi zikufuna kuwonjezera kuwonekera, zikusinthabe machitidwe omwe amakumana ndi zolepheretsa nthawi ndi nthawi. Njira zachikhalidwe zoyankhulirana ndi aboma ndi makhothi zimakhalabe njira zodalirika.

    Kodi Lamulo Laupandu la UAE Limayendetsa Bwanji Kuthetsa Kapena Njira Yina Yothetsera Mikangano?

    Dongosolo lalamulo laupandu la UAE makamaka limayang'anira milandu yamilandu kudzera m'makhothi. Komabe, imalola kuti pakhale njira zothanirana ndi mikangano nthawi zina milandu isanaperekedwe.

    Pamadandaulo ang’onoang’ono apandu, akuluakulu apolisi angayese kaye kuthetsa nkhaniyo mwa mkhalapakati pakati pa okhudzidwawo. Ngati chigamulo chikafika, mlanduwu ukhoza kutsekedwa popanda kuyesedwa. Izi nthawi zambiri zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pazinthu monga macheke owombera, kumenyedwa pang'ono, kapena zolakwika zina.

    Kukangana komangiriza kumazindikiridwanso pazinthu zina zachiwembu zomwe zimakhala ndi upandu, monga mikangano yantchito kapena mikangano yazamalonda. Gulu lokhazikika la arbitration likhoza kupereka chigamulo chomwe chili chovomerezeka mwalamulo. Koma pamilandu yayikulu kwambiri, mlanduwu udzadutsa munjira zodziwika bwino m'makhothi a UAE.

    Chifukwa Chiyani Mukufunikira Loya Wodziwika Kwambiri Wam'deralo komanso Wodziwa Zambiri

    Kuyang'anizana ndi milandu ku United Arab Emirates kumafuna ukatswiri wazamalamulo womwe loya wam'deralo, wodziwa zamilandu yekha angapereke. Dongosolo lazamalamulo la UAE lapadera, kuphatikiza malamulo aboma ndi a Sharia, limafuna chidziwitso chakuya chomwe chimachokera kuzaka zambiri zomwe zikugwira ntchito pamilandu yake. Loya yemwe ali ku Emirates amamvetsetsa zovuta zomwe akatswiri apadziko lonse lapansi anganyalanyaze.

    Kuposa kungomvetsetsa malamulowo, loya wamilandu wakomweko amakhala ngati chiwongolero chamtengo wapatali choyendera makhothi a UAE. Amadziwa bwino ndondomeko, ndondomeko ndi machitidwe a kayendetsedwe ka chilungamo. Kudziwa kwawo zilankhulo mu Chiarabu kumatsimikizira kumasulira kolondola kwa zikalata komanso kulumikizana momveka bwino panthawi yomvetsera. Zinthu ngati izi zitha kukhala zopindulitsa kwambiri.

    Kuphatikiza apo, maloya a UAE omwe ali ndi ntchito zokhazikika nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi maulalo, mbiri komanso kumvetsetsa kwakukulu kwa chikhalidwe - zinthu zomwe zingapindulitse njira ya kasitomala. Amamvetsetsa momwe zikhalidwe ndi zikhalidwe za anthu zimagwirizanirana ndi malamulo. Nkhaniyi ikufotokoza momwe amapangira chitetezo chazamalamulo ndikukambirana kuti athetse zigamulo zabwino ndi akuluakulu aboma.

    Kuchokera pakuyang'anira milandu yosiyanasiyana mpaka popereka umboni moyenera, loya wapadera wamilandu wakomweko adatsata njira zamakhothi a UAE. Kuyimilira kwawo kwanzeru kumachokera ku zomwe zachitika mwachindunji zomwe zikugwirizana ndi vuto lanu. Ngakhale uphungu wonse wazamalamulo ndi wofunikira pamene akuimbidwa mlandu, kukhala ndi woyimira milandu yemwe ali wovomerezeka kwambiri pamalamulo aupandu a UAE kungapangitse kusiyana kwakukulu.

    Kaya mwafufuzidwa, kumangidwa, kapena kuimbidwa mlandu ku United Arab Emirates, ndikofunikira kukhala ndi loya yemwe amamvetsetsa malamulo adzikolo. Anu ovomerezeka kukambirana nafe idzatithandiza kumvetsetsa mkhalidwe wanu ndi nkhawa zanu. Lumikizanani nafe kuti tikonzekere msonkhano. Tiyimbireni foni tsopano Kusankhidwa Mwachangu ndi Msonkhano pa +971506531334 +971558018669

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