Cybercrime: Kupereka lipoti, zilango & Chitetezo pansi pa Cyber ​​​​Law ku UAE

M'badwo wa digito wabweretsa zovuta zomwe sizinachitikepo, koma zimakhalanso ndi ziwopsezo monga umbanda wapaintaneti. Pamene luso laukadaulo likulowa m'miyoyo yathu yatsiku ndi tsiku, anthu ndi mabizinesi ku United Arab Emirates (UAE) akukumana ndi ziwopsezo zomwe zingachitike kuchokera kuzinthu zoyipa zapaintaneti monga kubera, chinyengo, ndi kuphwanya deta. Pofuna kuthana ndi nkhawa yomwe ikukulayi, UAE yakhazikitsa malamulo okhudza zachitetezo cha pa intaneti omwe amafotokoza momveka bwino njira zoperekera lipoti zaumbanda wa pa intaneti, kupereka zilango zokhwima kwa olakwa, ndikuyika patsogolo kulimbikitsa chidziwitso chachitetezo cha pa intaneti ndi machitidwe abwino. Nkhaniyi ikufuna kupereka chidule cha malamulo a pa intaneti a UAE, kutsogolera owerenga momwe amachitira malipoti, kufotokoza zotsatira zazamalamulo kwa anthu ophwanya malamulo a pa intaneti, ndikuwonetsa njira zomwe zingathandize kuti chitetezo cha pa intaneti chitetezeke kuzinthu zomwe zikuchitika nthawi zonse za ziwopsezo za pa intaneti.

Kodi UAE Cybercrime Law ndi chiyani?

UAE imaona zaupandu wapaintaneti mozama kwambiri ndipo yakhazikitsa malamulo omveka bwino kudzera mu Federal Decree Law No. 34 of 2021 on Combating Rumors and Cybercrimes. Lamulo losinthidwali lilowa m'malo mwa malamulo ena am'mbuyomu a 2012 okhudza umbava wa pa intaneti, kuthana ndi ziwopsezo zapakompyuta zatsopano komanso zomwe zikungotuluka kumene.

Lamuloli limafotokoza momveka bwino milandu yambiri ya pa intaneti, kuyambira kulowa kosavomerezeka kwadongosolo ndi kuba deta mpaka pamilandu yoopsa kwambiri monga kuzunza anthu pa intaneti, kufalitsa nkhani zabodza, kudyera masuku pamutu ana pogwiritsa ntchito njira za digito, ndi kubera anthu pakompyuta. Ikuphatikizanso zolakwa zokhudzana ndi kuphwanya zinsinsi za data, kugwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo pakuwononga ndalama kapena zigawenga.

Chimodzi mwa zolinga zazikulu za lamuloli ndi kuletsa, zomwe zimatheka kudzera mu zilango zokhwima kwa ophwanya malamulo apakompyuta. Kutengera kukula kwa mlanduwo, zilango zitha kuphatikiza chindapusa chokwera mpaka AED 3 miliyoni kapena kukhala m'ndende nthawi yayitali, ndipo milandu ina yowopsa yomwe ingapangitse kuti akhale m'ndende moyo wonse. Mwachitsanzo, kulowa m'makina osaloledwa kapena kuba data kungayambitse chindapusa mpaka zaka 15 m'ndende.

Pofuna kuwonetsetsa kuti kutsatiridwa bwino, lamuloli limalamula kuti pakhale maupandu apadera a pa intaneti mkati mwa mabungwe achitetezo. Mayunitsiwa ali ndi ukadaulo wowongolera zovuta za kafukufuku wapa cybercrime, zomwe zimathandizira kuyankha mwamphamvu pakuwopseza kwa intaneti ku UAE. Kuphatikiza apo, lamuloli limakhazikitsa njira zomveka bwino kuti anthu ndi mabizinesi azifotokozera akuluakulu aboma milandu yomwe akuganiziridwa kuti yachitika pa intaneti. Njira yoperekera malipotiyi imathandizira kuti achitepo kanthu mwachangu kwa omwe akuphwanya malamulo, ndikuteteza zida zama digito za dziko.

Ndi Mitundu Yanji Yosiyanasiyana Yama Cybercrimes pansi pa Lamulo la UAE?

Mtundu wa CybercrimeKufotokozeraNjira Zopewera
Kufikira KosaloledwaKufikira mosaloledwa pamakina amagetsi, maukonde, mawebusayiti, kapena nkhokwe popanda chilolezo. Izi zikuphatikizapo kubera data, kusokoneza ntchito, kapena kuwononga.• Gwiritsani ntchito mawu achinsinsi amphamvu
• Yambitsani kutsimikizika kwazinthu zambiri
• Sungani mapulogalamu osinthidwa
• Kukhazikitsa zowongolera zolowera
Kubedwa kwa DataKupeza, kusintha, kufufuta, kutulutsa, kapena kugawa zinthu zamakompyuta ndi zinthu za anthu kapena mabungwe mosagwirizana ndi malamulo, kuphatikiza zinsinsi zamalonda, zambiri zamunthu, ndi nzeru.• Sungani deta yachinsinsi
• Kukhazikitsa machitidwe otetezedwa osunga zobwezeretsera
• Phunzitsani ogwira ntchito pakugwiritsa ntchito deta
• Yang'anirani zoyesayesa zosaloleka
Cyber ​​FraudKugwiritsa ntchito njira za digito kunyenga anthu kapena mabungwe kuti apindule ndi ndalama, monga chinyengo chachinyengo, chinyengo pamakhadi a ngongole, chinyengo chabizinesi yapaintaneti, kapena kunamizira mabungwe/anthu ovomerezeka.• Tsimikizirani zodziwika
• Samalani ndi maimelo/mauthenga omwe simukuwapempha
• Gwiritsani ntchito njira zolipirira zotetezeka
• Dziwani zambiri za njira zamakono zachinyengo
Kuzunzidwa PaintanetiKuchita zinthu zomwe zimabweretsa nkhawa, mantha, kapena nkhanza kwa ena kudzera m'mapulatifomu a digito, kuphatikiza kuvutitsa anthu pa intaneti, kuzemberana, kuipitsa mbiri, kapena kugawana zinthu zomwe sizikugwirizana.• Nenani zochitika
• Yambitsani zokonda zachinsinsi
• Pewani kugawana zambiri zanu
• Kuletsa/kuletsa anthu ovutitsa anzawo
Kugawa Zinthu ZosaloledwaKugawana kapena kufalitsa zinthu zomwe zimaonedwa kuti ndi zoletsedwa pansi pa malamulo a UAE, monga zokopa anthu monyanyira, mawu achidani, zolaula/zachiwerewere, kapena zophwanya malamulo.• Kukhazikitsa zosefera zili
• Nenani zinthu zosaloledwa
• Phunzitsani ogwiritsa ntchito za khalidwe labwino pa intaneti
Kudyera masuku pamutu AnaKugwiritsa ntchito matekinoloje a digito kudyera masuku pamutu, kuzunza, kapena kuvulaza ana, kuphatikiza zinthu monga kukonzekeretsa pa intaneti, kugawana zithunzi zosayenera, kupempha ana kuti achite zogonana, kapena kupanga/kugawa zinthu zodyerana ana.• Kukhazikitsa ulamuliro wa makolo
• Phunzitsani ana za chitetezo cha pa intaneti
• Nenani zochitika
• Yang'anirani zochitika pa intaneti
Kuphwanya Zinsinsi za DataKupeza, kusonkhanitsa, kapena kugwiritsa ntchito molakwika zidziwitso zanu ndi zidziwitso zanu mophwanya malamulo ndi malamulo okhudza zinsinsi, kuphatikiza kugawana kapena kugulitsa zinthu zanu mopanda chilolezo.• Kukhazikitsa mfundo zoteteza deta
• Pezani chilolezo chosonkhanitsa deta
• Osadziwikiratu deta ngati kuli kotheka
• Chitani kafukufuku wachinsinsi pafupipafupi
Zachinyengo ZamagetsiKuchita zachinyengo pogwiritsa ntchito njira zamagetsi, monga kupanga mawebusayiti abodza, chinyengo, kupeza maakaunti azachuma mosaloledwa, kapena kuchita zachinyengo pa intaneti.• Tsimikizirani kuti tsamba lanu ndi loona
• Gwiritsani ntchito njira zolipirira zotetezeka
• Yang'anirani maakaunti pafupipafupi
• Nenani za zinthu zokayikitsa
Kugwiritsa Ntchito Zaukadaulo PazigawengaKugwiritsa ntchito matekinoloje a digito ndi nsanja kulimbikitsa, kukonza, kapena kuchita zigawenga, kulemba anthu, kufalitsa zabodza, kapena kuthandizira zigawenga.• Nenani za zinthu zokayikitsa
• Kukhazikitsa zowunikira zomwe zili
• Kuthandizana ndi mabungwe azamalamulo
Kusamba kwa NdalamaKugwiritsa ntchito njira za digito ndi matekinoloje kuti athandizire kubisa kapena kusamutsa ndalama kapena zinthu zomwe zapezedwa mosaloledwa, monga kudzera pa cryptocurrency kapena njira zolipira pa intaneti.• Kukhazikitsa malamulo oletsa kuba ndalama
• Yang'anirani zochitika
• Nenani zokayikitsa kwa akuluakulu okhudzidwa

Kodi Munganene Bwanji Cybercrime ku UAE?

  1. Dziwani zaupandu wapaintaneti: Dziwani mtundu waumbanda wapaintaneti womwe mwakumana nawo, kaya kuba, kuba data, chinyengo pa intaneti, kuzunza, kapena mlandu wina uliwonse pakompyuta.
  2. Umboni wa zolemba: Sonkhanitsani ndi kusunga umboni uliwonse wokhudzana ndi zomwe zachitika, monga zithunzi zowonera, maimelo kapena zolemba za mauthenga, zambiri zamalonda, ndi zidziwitso zina za digito zomwe zingakuthandizireni.
  3. Lumikizanani ndi akuluakulu: Nenani zaumbanda wa pa intaneti kwa akuluakulu oyenerera ku UAE:
  • Imbani foni yadzidzidzi 999 kuti munene zomwe zachitika.
  • Pitani ku polisi yomwe ili pafupi ndinu kapena gulu la Cybercrime Unit la Unduna wa Zam'kati kuti mukapereke madandaulo awo.
  • Tumizani lipoti kudzera m'mapulatifomu ovomerezeka a UAE ochitira malipoti apakompyuta monga www.ecrime.ae, "Aman" wolemba Abu Dhabi Police, kapena pulogalamu ya "My Safe Society" yolembedwa ndi UAE Public Prosecution.
  1. Perekani zambiri: Mukapereka lipoti laupandu wa pa intaneti, khalani okonzeka kupereka zambiri, kuphatikizira zambiri zanu, kufotokozera za zomwe zachitika, zodziwika bwino za wolakwayo, tsiku, nthawi, ndi malo (ngati kuli kotheka), ndi umboni uliwonse womwe inu wasonkhana.
  2. Gwirizanani ndi kafukufuku: Khalani okonzeka kugwirizana ndi akuluakulu aboma panthawi yofufuza popereka zambiri kapena kuthandizira pakutolera umboni.
  3. Londola: Pezani nambala yolozera mlandu kapena lipoti la zochitika kuti mufufuze momwe madandaulo anu akuyendera. Khalani odekha, popeza kufufuza zaupandu wa pa intaneti kumatha kukhala kovuta komanso kotenga nthawi.
  4. Lingalirani malangizo azamalamulo: Kutengera kuopsa kwake komanso mtundu wa umbava wapaintaneti, mutha kufunsa upangiri wazamalamulo kwa katswiri wodziwa bwino lomwe kuti mumvetsetse ufulu wanu ndi zomwe mungachite pamilandu yomwe ingachitike.
  5. Milandu yachinyengo yazachuma: Ngati munachitiridwa chinyengo pazachuma, monga katangale wa pa kirediti kadi kapena kuchita zinthu zandalama mosaloleka, ndi bwino kulankhulana ndi banki yanu kapena kampani ya kirediti kadi nthawi yomweyo limodzi ndi kukanena za nkhaniyi kwa akuluakulu a boma.
  6. Malipoti osadziwika: Mapulatifomu ena ngati a Dubai Police Cybercrime Reporting Center amapereka zosankha zosadziwika kwa iwo omwe amakonda kukhala osadziwika pomwe amafotokoza zaumbanda wa pa intaneti.

Ndikofunikira kufotokozera zaumbanda wapaintaneti mwachangu kwa akuluakulu oyenerera ku UAE kuti awonetsetse kuti achitapo kanthu panthawi yake ndikuwonjezera mwayi wofufuza bwino ndi kuthetsa.

Kodi Zilango ndi Zilango za Cybercrime ku UAE ndi ziti?

Mtundu wa CybercrimeZilango
Kufikira Kosaloledwa- Chindapusa chochepa cha AED 100, AED 300 yayikulu
- Kumangidwa kwa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi
Kubedwa kwa Data- Chindapusa chochepa cha AED 150,000, AED 750,000 yayikulu
- Kumangidwa mpaka zaka 10
Zimagwira ntchito pakusintha, kuwulula, kukopera, kuchotsa, kapena kufalitsa zomwe zabedwa
Cyber ​​Fraud- Zabwino mpaka AED 1,000,000
- Kumangidwa mpaka zaka 10
Kuzunzidwa Paintaneti- Zabwino mpaka AED 500,000
- Kumangidwa mpaka zaka 3
Kugawa Zinthu ZosaloledwaZilango zimasiyana malinga ndi momwe zilili:
- Kufalitsa zabodza: ​​Malipiro mpaka AED 1,000,000 ndi/kapena kumangidwa mpaka zaka 3
- Kusindikiza zomwe zikuphwanya chikhalidwe cha anthu: Kumangidwa ndi/kapena chindapusa kuchokera ku AED 20,000 mpaka AED 500,000
Kudyera masuku pamutu Ana- Zilango zowopsa, kuphatikiza kumangidwa komanso kuthamangitsidwa
Kuphwanya Zinsinsi za Data- Chindapusa chochepa cha AED 20,000, AED 500,000 yayikulu
Zachinyengo Zamagetsi- Zofanana ndi Zachinyengo za Cyber: Malipiro mpaka AED 1,000,000 ndikumangidwa mpaka zaka 10
Kugwiritsa Ntchito Zaukadaulo Pazigawenga- Zilango zowopsa, kuphatikiza kutsekeredwa m'ndende nthawi yayitali
Kusamba kwa Ndalama- Zilango zazikulu, kuphatikiza chindapusa chokulirapo komanso kutsekeredwa m'ndende nthawi yayitali

Kodi Lamulo la UAE limachita bwanji ndi Cross-Border Cybercrimes?

United Arab Emirates (UAE) imazindikira chikhalidwe chapadziko lonse cha umbava wa pa intaneti komanso zovuta zomwe zimadza chifukwa cha milandu yodutsa malire. Chotsatira chake, ndondomeko ya malamulo a dzikoli imayankha nkhaniyi kudzera muzochita zosiyanasiyana ndi kuyesetsa kwa mgwirizano wa mayiko.

Choyamba, malamulo a UAE okhudza zaupandu wa pa intaneti ali ndi mphamvu zakumayiko ena, kutanthauza kuti atha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pamilandu yapaintaneti yomwe yachitika kunja kwa malire a dzikolo ngati cholakwacho chikukhudza anthu a UAE, mabizinesi, kapena mabungwe aboma. Njirayi imalola akuluakulu a UAE kufufuza ndi kuimbidwa mlandu olakwira posatengera komwe ali, malinga ngati pali kulumikizana ndi UAE.

Kuphatikiza apo, UAE yakhazikitsa mgwirizano wamayiko awiri komanso mayiko ena kuti athandizire mgwirizano pothana ndi umbanda wapaintaneti. Mapanganowa amathandiza kugawana nzeru, umboni, chuma, komanso kubweza anthu omwe akuganiziridwa kuti ndi ophwanya malamulo pa intaneti. UAE ndi membala wa mabungwe osiyanasiyana apadziko lonse lapansi, monga United Nations Office on Drug and Crime (UNODC) ndi International Criminal Police Organisation (INTERPOL), omwe amathandizira mgwirizano pothana ndi upandu wapadziko lonse lapansi.

Kuphatikiza apo, UAE imatenga nawo gawo pazochitika zapadziko lonse lapansi ndi mabwalo omwe cholinga chake ndi kugwirizanitsa malamulo ophwanya malamulo apakompyuta komanso kulimbikitsa mgwirizano wapadziko lonse lapansi. Izi zikuphatikizapo kutsata mapangano ndi mapangano a mayiko, monga Budapest Convention on Cybercrime, yomwe imapereka ndondomeko yalamulo ya mgwirizano pakati pa mayiko omwe adasaina nawo pothana ndi umbava wa pa intaneti.

Kodi Maloya Ophwanya Malamulo Angathandize Bwanji?

Ngati inu kapena bungwe lanu mwakhala mukuchitiridwa nkhanza zapaintaneti ku UAE, kupempha thandizo kwa loya wodziwa bwino za zigawenga kungakhale kothandiza kwambiri. Milandu yaupandu wapa cyber imatha kukhala yovuta, kuphatikiza zovuta zaukadaulo ndi zina zamalamulo zomwe zimafunikira ukatswiri wapadera.

Maloya amilandu omwe amagwira ntchito zaupandu wapaintaneti atha kupereka chithandizo chofunikira munthawi yonse yamalamulo. Atha kukutsogolerani pakusonkhanitsa ndi kusunga umboni, kukulangizani zaufulu wanu ndi zosankha zamalamulo, ndikuthandizira popereka madandaulo kwa akuluakulu oyenerera. Kuonjezera apo, akhoza kukuyimilirani panthawi ya kafukufuku ndi milandu ya kukhoti, kuwonetsetsa kuti zokonda zanu zatetezedwa komanso kuti mukulandira chithandizo choyenera malinga ndi lamulo.

M’milandu yaupandu wodutsa malire, maloya amilandu omwe ali ndi ukadaulo mderali amatha kuwongolera zovuta za malamulo ndi maulamuliro apadziko lonse lapansi, kuwongolera mgwirizano ndi maulamuliro ofunikira ndikuwonetsetsa kuti njira zamalamulo zikuyendetsedwa bwino komanso moyenera. Atha kukuthandizaninso kumvetsetsa zomwe zingachitike chifukwa cha umbava wapaintaneti, mwalamulo komanso pazachuma, ndikukupatsani chitsogozo chochepetsera zoopsa zina zilizonse.

Ponseponse, kuchita nawo ntchito za loya wodziwa bwino zamilandu kumatha kukulitsa mwayi wanu wopeza zotsatira zabwino pamilandu yaupandu wa pa intaneti, kukupatsani chithandizo chofunikira pazamalamulo ndi kuyimilira kuti mukwaniritse chilungamo ndikuteteza ufulu wanu.

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