Ungasifaka Kanjani Isehlukaniso E-UAE: Umhlahlandlela Ogcwele

Uma ucabangela isehlukaniso e-UAE, kubalulekile ukuthintana nommeli onolwazi ongakusiza uzulazule enqubweni. Ngosizo lwabo, ungaqinisekisa ukuthi amalungelo akho avikelekile nokuthi isehlukaniso sakho sisingathwa ngendlela efanele.

Izinhlobo Zesehlukaniso E-UAE

The I-UAE Federal Law No. 28/2005 NgeSimo Somuntu Siqu (“Umthetho Womndeni”) ubusa isehlukaniso e-United Arab Emirates. Isigaba 99(1) saso sihlinzeka ngokuthi inkantolo inganikeza isehlukaniso uma umshado udala umonakalo kumyeni noma kunkosikazi noma kubo bobabili.

Kunezinhlobo ezimbili zesehlukaniso:

  • I-Talaq (lapho umyeni ephimisela khona isehlukaniso)
  • Khula (lapho unkosikazi ethola isehlukaniso enkantolo)

I-Talaq iyindlela evame kakhulu yesehlukaniso e-UAE futhi ingashiwo ngumyeni. Indoda ingase idivose umkayo kuze kube izikhathi ezintathu futhi babuyelane ngaphandle kwalapho eshada nomunye umuntu ngaleso sikhathi. Ngemuva kweTalaq yesithathu, umbhangqwana ungabuyisana kuphela uma udlula inqubo yasenkantolo.

Inkantolo ingase imnike uKhula uma igculiseka ukuthi umshado usubhidlike ngendlela engeke isalungiseka nokuthi ukubuyisana ngeke kwenzeke. Inkosikazi kufanele isho izizathu zayo zokudivosa futhi izibonise ngendlela eyaneliseka ngayo inkantolo.

Okulandelayo umhlahlandlela ophelele wokufaka isehlukaniso e-UAE, kungaba ngoTalaq noma uKhula.

Lo mhlahlandlela owenzelwe i-UAE Nationals kanye nabakwa-Expatriates.

Izimpawu Zokuthi Ungase Udinge Isehlukaniso

Ngaphambi kokuthi uqale nokucabanga ngokufaka isehlukaniso, udinga kuqala uhlole ukuthi umshado wakho usenkingeni noma cha. Uma ungenaso isiqiniseko, nazi ezinye izimpawu ezibonisa ukuthi umshado wakho ungase uphokophele esahlukaniso:

  1. Ukuxhumana kwakho konakele. Wena nomngane wakho womshado anisakhulumisani ngokuphumelelayo, noma nikhulumela ukuxabana kuphela.
  2. Ubudlelwano bakho bubuswa ukungqubuzana. Nibonakala ningavumelani nganoma yini, futhi yonke ingxoxo iphetha ngengxabano.
  3. Niphila izimpilo ezehlukene. Senihlukene futhi anisathandi izinto ezifanayo.
  4. Awusazizwa uxhumene nomuntu oshade naye. Awuzizwa uxhumekile ngokomzwelo nowakwakho futhi awunasiqiniseko sokuthi wake wezwa yini.
  5. Wena noma oshade naye nikopele. Ukungathembeki kungaba idili kunoma yimuphi umshado.
  6. Ucabanga ukwehlukana. Uma ubucabanga ngokwehlukana nomngane wakho womshado, cishe umshado wakho usenkingeni.

Kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuthi lezi yizimpawu zokuthi umshado wakho ungase ube senkingeni. Uma ungaqiniseki ukuthi umshado wakho uphukile, kuhle ngaso sonke isikhathi ukubonisana nomelaphi noma umeluleki ongakusiza ukuhlola isimo sobudlelwano benu.

Izizathu Zesehlukaniso E-UAE

Uma unqume ukuthi udinga ukufaka isehlukaniso, isinyathelo esilandelayo siwukuthola izizathu zesehlukaniso sakho. E-UAE, kunezizathu ezimbalwa zesehlukaniso:

  • Omunye wabashadile uhlulekile ukufeza izibopho zabo zomshado.
  • Kunobufakazi bokuhlukunyezwa ngokomzimba noma ngokwengqondo.
  • Ukulahlwa isikhathi esingaphezu konyaka owodwa noma emibili.

Uzodinga ukufakazela esinye salezi zizathu ukuze uthole isehlukaniso e-UAE.

Izinto Okufanele Uzenze Ngaphambi Kokufaka Isehlukaniso

Uma usunqume ukufaka isehlukaniso, kufanele wenze izinto ezimbalwa ngaphambi kokufaka amaphepha.

1) Qoqa wonke amaphepha adingekayo

Lokhu kuhlanganisa isitifiketi sakho somshado, izitifiketi zokuzalwa zezingane zakho, imibhalo yezezimali, namanye amaphepha abalulekile.

2) Dala isabelomali

Uma usudivosile, kuyodingeka uzondle wena nezingane zakho. Ngakho-ke, udinga ukwenza ibhajethi futhi uqinisekise ukuthi unemali eyanele yokukhokhela izindleko zakho.

3) Thola ummeli

Isehlukaniso singaba nzima, ngakho-ke kubalulekile ukuthi ube nommeli onolwazi ngasohlangothini lwakho. Ummeli wakho angakusiza ukuthi uhlole inqubo yesehlukaniso futhi avikele izintshisekelo zakho.

4) Yenza uhlu lwezimpahla zakho nezikweletu

Izimpahla zihlanganisa noma yini enenani okungeyakho, njengemoto yakho, indlu, noma i-akhawunti yokonga. Izikweletu zihlanganisa noma iyiphi imali oyikweletayo, njengesikweletu sekhadi lesikweletu noma i-mortgage.

5) Cabangela ukulamula

Uma wena nowakwakho ningavumelana kweminye noma yonke imigomo yedivosi yenu, ukulamula kungaba enye indlela eshibhile nesheshayo yokuya enkantolo. Phela umgomo wedivosi uwukufinyelela esivumelwaneni sokuthi bobabili abashadile bangahlala nabo.

6) Sungula isikweletu egameni lakho

Uma usunesikhathi eside ushadile, kungenzeka ukuthi awukaze ube nesidingo sokusungula isikweletu egameni lakho. Kodwa uma usudivosile, uzodinga ukuba nesikweletu esihle uma ufuna ukuthenga indlu noma imoto.

7) Hlola wonke ama-Akhawunti Akho Ahlangene

Lokhu kuhlanganisa ama-akhawunti akho asebhange, amakhadi esikweletu, imali ebolekiwe, nokutshalwa kwezimali. Uzodinga ukunquma ukuthi wenzeni nge-akhawunti ngayinye nokuthi ungawahlukanisa kanjani amafa phakathi kwakho nowakwakho.

8) Vala ama-akhawunti akho esikweletu ahlanganyelwe

Uma unanoma yimaphi ama-akhawunti ezikweletu ahlangene, kubalulekile ukuwavala ngaphambi kokuthi udivose. Lokhu kuzosiza ukuvikela amaphuzu akho esikweletu futhi kuvimbele owake washada naye ekuqongeleleni isikweletu egameni lakho.

9) Phatha Oshade Naye Ngenhlonipho

Lokhu kungase kube nzima, kodwa kubalulekile ukukhumbula ukuthi ubhekene nenqubo eyinkimbinkimbi. Zama ukugwema ukusho noma ukwenza noma yini engenza isimo sibe sibi nakakhulu.

10) Xhumana Nomlingani Wakho

Isehlukaniso singaba isikhathi esicindezelayo nesingokomzwelo kubo bobabili abashadile. Kubalulekile ukuxhumana nomlingani wakho futhi ubazise ukuthi uzizwa kanjani. Lokhu kungakusiza nobabili nidlule ohlelweni lwesehlukaniso.

Umthetho we-Islamic Sharia Wesehlukaniso

Umthetho wamaSulumane weSharia ulawula amacala ezehlukaniso. Izimiso ze-Sharia zenza kube nzima ukuthi lo mbhangqwana ohlukanisiwe wehlukane, ngaphandle kokuthi ijaji likholwe ngokuphelele ukuthi inyunyana ngeke isebenze. Isinyathelo sokuqala enkambisweni yesehlukaniso kungaba ukufaka icala esigabeni Somhlahlandlela Womndeni naseMoral. Imibhalo maduze izodluliselwa enkantolo uma kwenzeka abashadayo, noma omunye wabo ephikelela ngesehlukaniso. Abangewona amaSulumane bangafuna ukuthi imithetho yamazwe abo isetshenziselwe amacala abo.

Abangaphandle Bangafaka Isicelo Sesehlukaniso

Abangewona amaSulumane kanye nabanye abafudukayo bangafaka isicelo sesehlukaniso e-UAE noma ezweni labo (domicile). Kungaba nomvuzo ukuxhumana nommeli onolwazi ngesehlukaniso, ozozama ukuthola isinqumo esinokuthula kulezi zinhlangothi zombili.

Lezi zithandani zizosho izinhloso zazo zokuzama ukuchitha le nyunyana. Idivosi kungenzeka inikezwe uma kwenzeka umahluleli ethola ukuthi izinhloso ziyanelisa. Abanye bakholelwa ukuthi umyeni udinga nje ukucela kathathu isehlukaniso (Talaq) esehlukanisweni futhi unkosikazi usuphothuliwe. Lokhu akumi ngokomthetho futhi kuyisenzo nje esingokomfanekiso. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, isehlukaniso singanikezwa ijaji ngalezo zizathu, kepha isehlukaniso asikho emthethweni ngaphandle kokuthi sinikezwe izinkantolo.

Ngemuva kweTalaq, umfazi, ngaphansi kweSharia Law, kumele abheke i-Iddat. Iddat iqhubeka nezinyanga ze-3. Ngale ndlela umyeni uvunyelwe ukuphoqa umkakhe ukuba abuyele emnyangweni. Uma emva kwezinyanga ezintathu intombazane isadinga isahlukaniso, inyunyana izoqedwa yijaji. Umyeni angacela inqubo yeTalaq ngezikhathi ezintathu ezehlukene kodwa angamane ephikelela ukuthi ubuyele izikhathi ezimbili.

Inqubo Yokufaka Isehlukaniso E-UAE

Uma usuqoqe wonke amaphepha adingekayo futhi wenza namalungiselelo, usulungele ukufaka isehlukaniso. Inqubo yokufaka isehlukaniso e-UAE imi kanje:

1) Bhalisa isikhalazo sakho nesigaba Sesiqondiso Somndeni senkantolo yangakini

I-emirates ngayinye inesigaba Sesiqondiso Somndeni, esibhekele ukuphatha amacala edivosi.

Uzodinga ukuthi ulethe isitifiketi sakho somshado, izitifiketi zokuzalwa zanoma yiziphi izingane onazo, kanye nekhophi yepasipoti yakho. Lokhu kuzoqalisa inqubo yokweluleka ukuze kuhlolwe ukuthi kungenzeka yini ukubuyisana kanye nesidingo sesehlukaniso.

2) Bathamele izikhathi zokwelulekwa

Ingxenye Yesiqondiso Somndeni izomisa izikhathi zokwelulekwa wena nomngane wakho womshado. Lezi zikhathi zenzelwe ukukusiza uxazulule noma yikuphi ukungaboni ngaso linye futhi uvumelane ngemibandela yedivosi yakho.

3) Ifayela lesehlukaniso

Uma wena nowakwakho ningakwazi ukufinyelela esivumelwaneni, ningafaka isehlukaniso enkantolo. Kuzodingeka ulethe isicelo sesehlukaniso, esizosicubungulwa yijaji.

4) Khonza owakwakho ngamaphepha edivosi

Lokhu kungenziwa ngokusebenzisa iseva yenqubo noma ngeposi elibhalisiwe.

5) Bathamele ukulalelwa kwesehlukaniso

Ngemva kokuba owakwakho enikezwe amaphepha edivosi, uzodinga ukuthamela icala. Yilapho ijaji lizobuyekeza khona icala lakho bese linquma ngemibandela yedivosi yakho. Izikhalazo zingenziwa phakathi kwezinsuku ezingu-28, kodwa inqubo ingaba yinde futhi ibize.

6) Qedela isehlukaniso

Isehlukaniso sizophothulwa uma ijaji lithatha isinqumo. Lokhu kusho ukuthi umshado wakho uzophela ngokusemthethweni, futhi uzokhululeka ukuba ushade futhi.

Kuthatha Isikhathi Esingakanani Ukuthola Isehlukaniso E-UAE?

Inqubo yesehlukaniso e-UAE ingathatha noma yikuphi ukusuka ezinyangeni ezimbalwa ukuya eminyakeni embalwa. Ubude besikhathi esithathwayo ukuthola isehlukaniso buncike kulezi zici ezilandelayo:

  • Ukuthi wena nowakwakho ningafinyelela esivumelwaneni ngemibandela yedivosi yenu.
  • Ukuthi ufaka isehlukaniso e-UAE noma ngaphandle kwezwe.
  • Ukuthi unazo izingane.
  • Indlela isehlukaniso sakho esiyinkimbinkimbi ngayo.
  • Ukusalela emuva kwamacala ohlelweni lwezinkantolo.

Ngokuvamile, ungalindela ukuba isehlukaniso siphothulwe phakathi nezinyanga ezintathu uma wena nowakwakho ningafinyelela esivumelwaneni ngemibandela yedivosi yenu. Uma ufaka isehlukaniso ngaphandle kwe-UAE, kungase kuthathe isikhathi eside.

Izinto Okufanele Uzicabange Lapho Ufaka Isehlukaniso E-UAE

Isehlukaniso singaba inqubo eyinkimbinkimbi futhi engokomzwelo. Nazi ezinye izinto okufanele uzicabangele lapho ufaka isehlukaniso e-UAE:

Ukusekelwa kwabantwana

Uma unezingane, kuyodingeka wenze amalungiselelo okunakekela izingane. Lokhu kubandakanya ukwesekwa ngokwezimali kwemfundo nokunakekelwa kwezempilo kwezingane zakho.

I-Alimony

I-Alimony iyinkokhelo eyenziwa kumngane womshado kuya komunye ngemva kwesehlukaniso. Le nkokhelo ihloselwe ukusiza umlingani owamukelayo ukuthi agcine izinga lakhe lokuphila.

Isigaba Sezakhiwo

Uma wena nowakwakho ninempahla, kuyodingeka ninqume ukuthi niyihlukanisa kanjani. Lokhu kungaba inqubo enzima, kodwa kubalulekile ukuqinisekisa ukuthi bobabili abashadile banobulungiswa.

Ukugcinwa Kwengane

Uma unezingane, kuzodingeka wenze amalungiselelo okugcinwa kwengane. Lokhu kuhlanganisa ilungelo lokugcina izingane zakho ngokoqobo kanye nelungelo elingokomthetho lokugcinwa kwamarekhodi azo ezokwelapha nawezemfundo.

Ukuqedwa Kokubambisana Komphakathi e-UAE

Nakuba ubudlelwano bomphakathi buqashelwa e-UAE, okunye, njengemishado yabantu bobulili obufanayo, abuqashelwa yiSharia Law. Lokhu kusho ukuthi alukho uhlelo olukhona lokuhlakazwa kobudlelwane bomphakathi. Izinkantolo, nokho, zingayala ukuthi kuhlakazwe ubambiswano lomphakathi uma lungahambisani noMthetho we-Sharia.

Yize kungaziwa yi-Sharia Law, okunye ubudlelwano bomphakathi kungase kuhlakazwe e-UAE uma izinhlangothi zombili zivuma.

Okufanele Ukwazi NgoMthetho Womndeni
Ungasifaka Kanjani Isehlukaniso E-UAE: Umhlahlandlela Ogcwele
Umthetho Wesehlukaniso wase-UAE: Imibuzo Evame Ukubuzwa (FAQs)
Konke Mayelana Nezinkontileka Zesehlukaniso E-UAE

Uma ucabangela isehlukaniso e-UAE, kubalulekile ukuthintana nommeli onolwazi ongakusiza uzulazule enqubweni. Ngosizo lwabo, ungaqinisekisa ukuthi amalungelo akho avikelekile nokuthi isehlukaniso sakho sisingathwa ngendlela efanele.

Ungasivakashela ukuze uthole ukubonisana kwezomthetho, Sicela usithumele i-imeyili ku legal@lawyersuae.com noma usishayele +971506531334 +971558018669 (Imali yokubonisana ingasebenza)

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