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Umshwalense WaseMarine Nezingozi e-United Arab Emirates

Umshuwalense wemikhumbi kanye nezingozi e Dubai, Sharjah, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Isingeniso

Noma yimuphi umshwalense uhloselwe ukubhekela ingozi uma kwenzeka izigameko ezimbi njengengozi emzimbeni nasesimweni, engozini noma ekufeni. Ngokuphathelene neMikhumbi, izigxobo ziphakeme njengoba zonke izingxenye zibandakanya lo msebenzi. Isibonelo, ingozi yokulahlekelwa imithwalo enenzuzo noma imikhumbi ephakeme kakhulu, ingozi yomonakalo emhlabeni ngenxa yokungcola kwamafutha kanye nengozi yokulahlekelwa yizinto eziyigugu zabadobi ngenxa yengozi.

Ukuqinisekisa ukuthi zonke izingozi zingabhekwa ngaphandle kokungabikho kwezimpahla ezihlobene nemali uma kudingeka, izimali zokungcebeleka eziMaritime ezingavamile zenziwa ezidingekayo ezikebheni kanye nabanikazi bokuthumela umkhumbi. Mane ubeke lokho, umshuwalense ungenziwa ngemikhumbi. Izinhlobo zemishuwalense yasolwandle efinyeleleka ekuzuzeni ikhasimende ziningi futhi zonke zazo zifinyeleleka ngendlela yabo ethize.

Ukuze wamukelwe emachwebeni amakhulu e-UAE, umkhumbi kufanele ube nesikebhe nempahla kanye nesiqinisekiso kanye nekhava yokuvikela ukubuyiselwa kwemali. Izinga lesikali alyalwanga futhi libophezeleka ekuboneni kwamachweba.

Kunezimbambiso ezimbalwa zasolwandle kanye nezinhlobo zengozi ezihlinzeka izinhlobo zokuvikelwa kumnikazi wokuthumela, abaphathi bezimpahla nabaphathi bezinkampani.

Amalungelo okuzithoba

Ukubuyiselwa phansi kuyilungelo lomshuwalense oselibuyisele imali eliqinisekisiwe, ukuhlala ezicathulweni zokuqinisekisiwe nokufuna abantu besithathu abathembekile. Ilungelo lesiqinisekiso lokuthola inkokhelo kusuka ezinhlelweni zokwenza isipele aliqedi ilungelo lesiqinisekiso lokuqinisekisa kubantu besithathu maqondana nokulahleka.

Ngokusebenzisa amandla amancane, noma yikuphi ukululama okwenziwayo kuzuzisa abahlinzeki bezokuphepha, kepha kuze kube sezingeni lokubuyiselwa kwemali okuhlinzekiwe. Ilungelo lomshuwalense ngaphansi komthetho we-UAE libekwa ku-Article 1030 ye-CC.

Imikhawulo ngakwesokudla sokuxoshwa

  • Inkampani yomshwalense ayikwazi ukubuyisa ngaphezulu kwesilinganiso semali ebuyisiwe ekhokhiwe. Esimweni lapho umhlinzeki wenetha lokuphepha ebuyisa okuningi, kufanele akhokhelwe kulokho okuqinisekisiwe.
  • Amalungelo omshwalense awabanzi kakhulu kunalawo aqinisekisiwe. Isibonelo, uma isivumelwano sesiqinisekiso nomuntu wesithathu esithembekile kwisibopho seqembu lesithathu leyo mikhawulo isebenza kumhlinzeki wenetha lokuphepha.
  • Ngokwe-Athikili 1030 ye-Civil Code, uhlelo lokusekelayo alunakuletha ukufakazelwa okufakwe ngaphansi komuntu okhuphukayo noma inzalo yalowo oqinisekisiwe, noma umuntu okuqinisekisiwe okwaziyo ukukwenza.
  • Indlela i-Article 1030 ebhalwe ngayo yiyo wonke ama-akhawunti aqondiswe kumuntu oqinisekisiwe, esikhundleni se-element element.

Isigameko seManzini ikakhulukazi ukushayisana nokungcola e-UAE

Collision

  • Izingxabano zilawulwa yizihloko ze-318 kuya kwi-326 yoMthetho wezokuThuthukiswa koLwandle. Lezi zinkundla zifana nezesiXhumano se-Collision 1910.
  • I-United Arab Emirates iye yavuma ngokwengeziwe iMithethonqubo Yomhlaba Wonke Yokuvimbela Izingxabano e-Sea 1972.

Okunye ukulimala kwemvelo okubangelwa umkhumbi

  • Isimo somkhumbi sivikelekile yi-Federal Law on the Protection and Development of Environment (24 / 1999).
  • Zonke iziqukathi ezifaka izifunda zasolwandle zase-UAE kumele zibe neSitifiketi Sokulindela Ukungcoliswa Kwamafutha Emhlabeni Wonke futhi kufanele iqhubeke nesimemezelo esichaza usuku nendawo lapho i-muck ichithiwe khona.
  • Noma ngubani olimaza isimo sezilwandle ngokungenakunqunyiwe noma ngokungahambisani noMthetho 24 / 1999 uphethe izindleko zokwelapha noma ukukhishwa kwezisulu kanye nemiphumela elandelayo.
  • Ukwephulwa koMthetho 24/1999 kungaletha inhlawulo efinyelela ku-Dh500, 000 kuze kube yiminyaka emihlanu eboshiwe.

I-United Arab Emirates iqoqa ngokufanayo kuma-Annexes I kuya ku-V we-International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution kusukela eMikhumbi.

salvage

  • I-UAE yamukele iSivumelwano Samazwe ngamazwe ngeSalvage 1989 kuwo wonke ama-1993. Ukukhululwa kulawulwa ngokungeziwe yizihloko ze-327 kuya ku-339 yoMthetho Wezokuhweba Maritime.
  • Ngaphansi kwe-Article 8 yoMthetho Wezokuhweba Ngezokuhweba, iSivumelwano Samazwe ngamazwe ngeSalvage 1989 sinqoba lapho imibuso emibili iphikisana khona.
  • Ilungelo lesinxephezelo sokutakula ngempumelelo alinakubophezeleka ekufunisweni okuzibophezela ngokusemthethweni.
  • Ayikho isinxephezelo esikhokhwa ukuthuthwa okuvamile noma ukushayela noma ukugwema abantu.
  • Ngaphezu kwalokho, ayikho ilungelo lokuthola isinxephezelo uma isitsha esilondoloziwe siphika usizo ngezizathu ezizwakalayo.
  • Isilinganiso senxephezelo silawulwa yinkantolo enekhono, uma singavunyelwanga yizinhlangothi.

Ukususwa kwe-Wreck

Yiziphi izindinganiso namasu okusebenzayo okusebenzayo ekuphumeni kwamaphutha ezindaweni zakho?

  • I-UAE ayilona iqembu leNairobi Wreck Removal Convention 2007 futhi ukukhishwa kwezinhlekelele akuphethwe ngokusobala ngumthetho we-UAE.

Ngaphansi kwaziphi izimo ingabe ochwepheshe bangalawula ukuxoshwa kokubhujiswa?

Ayikho isiqondiso esakhelwe ukuxoshwa kwamaphutha, nokho ochwepheshe bazovunyelwa ukuthi bavunyelwe ukufaka amandla okuphuma kwamaphutha.

Isiphetho

Umshwalense weMarine nezingozi zizolahleka noma ukulimala imikhiqizo yakho ngenkathi uhamba nge-air, emgwaqweni nasolwandle. Ama-inshuwalense anganikeza amalungiselelo afanelekayo e-Marine Cargo ukuxhumanisa ibhizinisi lakho elithile. Ngalokhu bangakwazi ukwenza kahle ukuthengwa kwempahla yonyaka ekuvikelweni kweTransitter okuyinto ezoba nengqondo kubantu abanokuthuthukiswa okujwayelekile nokungapheli kwemikhiqizo e-UAE.

Kunezinhlobonhlobo zokusabalalisa ukubheka ngokuthembela emcabangweni womthwalo. Okokugcina, kuhluke ukusabalala okujwayelekile kuya kwezinye ukusabalalisa okwenziwe ngendlela efanele ukuze kuhambisane nezidingo ezahlukene zamakhasimende ethu.

 

Ukucabanga okungu-1 ku "Umshuwalense Wasolwandle Nezingozi e-United Arab Emirates"

  1. Ukushayisana kubeka engxenyeni enkulu yezingozi zasolwandle futhi kuvame ukwenzeka ngenxa yokushayeka komunye umkhumbi wamanzi (wehlela phansi) noma into esisaqhubeka. Ukushayisana okunjalo kungahlobene nemikhumbi yokuzijabulisa efana nezikebhe nezikebhe noma imikhumbi yokuhweba efana nemikhumbi yokuhamba nemikhumbi ethwala izimpahla.

Shiya amazwana

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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