The 4 Mistakes You Can Make Without an Interpol Lawyer
Interpol stands for the International Criminal Police Organization, and it is an intergovernmental organization with 194 member countries. These member countries work together through sharing and accessing data to keep the world a safe place. Often, when you’re fighting an international legal battle, you have to take on some very big and powerful opponents. This is a difficult task for anyone, but it’s tough if you are not familiar with the intricacies of international law.
Our Interpol lawyers have had many clients who were not prepared for the challenges that come with international legal battles at our law firm. This is usually made worse if they had tried to sort things out by themselves before they engaged our services.
Dealing with Interpol requires a deep level of experience and expertise, and these can only be found with a lawyer specializing in international criminal law. Not every criminal lawyer can serve as an Interpol lawyer. This is one of the mistakes people make when they are faced with legal battles across borders. We have seen this time and time again with clients that come to us for help.
In this article, we detail four of these mistakes in the hope that you will be mindful of them if you ever find yourself fighting an international legal battle. But before then, “What is Interpol?”
What is Interpol?
Interpol – The International Criminal Police Organization is an international police organization created to fight transnational crime. The organization has 194 member countries, and its head office is located in Lyon, France. The member countries have a network created through the use of sharing and accessing data that makes it possible to coordinate crime-fighting efforts across international borders.
The member countries have treaties with one another, making it possible for a person accused of a crime in one country to be arrested in another country for that crime. All that is required is for the reporting country to upload the person’s data on Interpol’s network. Interpol then issues a notice on their network alerting member countries to the possibility of the accused taking protection in their country.
Any country where the accused person is found, due to the treaty they have with the reporting country, then arrests and extradites the person for him or her to face the law in the reporting country.
The Interpol Notice is a formal international request for the cooperation of member countries in apprehending a criminal. The request is usually lodged by the judicial system of the issuing government, and information about the accused is included in the request. The Interpol Notice is the tool by which member countries maintain order across borders.
Interpol has seven different notices that are used to share information between its members. They are red, blue, green, orange, yellow, black, and children notifications.
- The Interpol red notice is issued when the accused of a serious crime. The notice allows member countries to pursue the suspect, keep an eye on them, and, depending on how things turn out, arrest them until their country requests their extradition.
- The Interpol blue notice is issued when the issuing country is looking for a suspect and does not know where they may be found. The notice puts member countries on alert to be on the lookout for the suspects, and if found in any of the countries, that country informs the issuing country of the suspect within their borders.
- The Interpol green notice functions exactly like the red notice, except that it is issued for less serious crimes than the red notice warrants.
- The Interpol orange notices are issued when countries want to warn about suspects or events that constitute an imminent threat to public safety.
- The Interpol yellow notices are issued when the issuing country needs international help in locating missing persons, often minors or people who cannot identify themselves.
- Interpol Black notices are issued to locate and identify people who die in countries where they are not citizens.
As the name implies, children notifications are issued when children are missing, and the issuing country wants to search through Interpol.
Four common mistakes you can make about Interpol
Many misconceptions have been created around Interpol, what they stand for and what they do. These misconceptions have caused many people to suffer consequences they would not have suffered if they had known better. A few of them are:
1. Assuming that Interpol is an international law enforcement agency
While Interpol is an efficient instrument in achieving international cooperation in the fight against transnational crime, it is not a global law enforcement agency. Instead, it is an organization that is based on mutual assistance among national law-enforcement authorities.
All Interpol does is share information among the law enforcement authorities of member countries for crime-fighting. Interpol, in itself, functions in total neutrality and with respect for the human rights of suspects.
2. Assuming that an Interpol notice is equal to an arrest warrant
This is a very common mistake people make, especially with Interpol’s red notice. The red notice is not an arrest warrant; instead, it is information about a person suspected of serious criminal activities. A Red Notice is simply a request for the law enforcement agencies of member countries to be on the lookout for, locate, and “provisionally” arrest an accused person.
Interpol does not make the arrest; it is the country’s law enforcement agencies where the suspect is found that do it. Even so, the country’s law enforcement agency where the suspect is found still has to follow the due process of their judicial legal system in apprehending the suspect. That is to say that an arrest warrant still has to be issued before the suspect may be arrested.
3. Assuming that a Red Notice is arbitrary and cannot be challenged
This is a close second to believing that a red notice is an arrest warrant. Typically, when a red notice is issued about a person, the country where they are found will freeze their assets and revoke their visas. They will also lose any employment they have and suffer damage to their reputation.
Being the target of a red notice is unpleasant. If your country issues one around you, you can and should challenge the notice. Possible ways to challenge a Red Notice are challenging it where it contravenes Interpol’s rules. The rules include:
- Interpol cannot intervene in any activity of a political, military, religious, or racial character. Thus, if you feel the red notice was issued against you for any of the above reasons, you should challenge it.
- Interpol cannot intervene if the red notice offense originates from a violation of administrative laws or regulations or private disputes.
Aside from those mentioned above, there are other ways in which you can challenge a Red Notice. However, you need to retain the services of an expert international criminal lawyer to access those other ways.
4. Assuming that any country can issue a Red Notice for whatever reason they deem fit
Trends have shown that some countries appropriate Interpol’s vast network for purposes other than which the organization was created. Many people have fallen victim to this abuse, and their countries have gotten away with it because the concerned individuals did not know any better.
Seek expert help and reach out to our Interpol lawyers in the UAE today!
Our Interpol lawyers at Amal Khamis Advocates and Legal Consultants are the best in the UAE. We are large enough to provide you with the legal services you need, no matter how big your case is, and small enough to give you the personalized attention you deserve.
Amal Khamis Advocates is a team of professionals, who are deemed experts in their field. We are highly experienced and years of experience in managing Interpol Notices in the UAE.
If you’re looking for Interpol lawyers in the UAE, who are highly skilled, attentive to your needs and listens to your concerns, then you’ve come to the right place. We are committed to providing the best legal service to all our clients and will put in the effort to meet your needs.
What’s more? We are specialists in international criminal law and know everything there is about dealing with Interpol matters. Reach out today to book an appointment with us.