Ubugebengu bezidakamizwa e-UAE, Ukushushumbiswa, Ukuba Nendawo, Ukujeziswa Nemithetho

I-United Arab Emirates (UAE) ineminye yemithetho eqinile yezidakamizwa emhlabeni futhi yamukela inqubomgomo yokungawabekezeleli amacala ahlobene nezidakamizwa. Kokubili izakhamuzi nezivakashi zingaphansi kwezinhlawulo ezinzima ezifana nezinhlawulo ezinkulu, ukuboshwa, nokudingiswa uma kutholakala ngokwephula le mithetho. Lo mhlahlandlela obanzi uhlose ukucacisa imithetho yezidakamizwa ye-UAE, izinhlobo ezahlukene zamacala ezidakamizwa, izinhlawulo nezijeziso, ukuzivikela kwezomthetho, kanye nezeluleko ezisebenzayo zokugwema ukubanjwa yile mithetho enzima.

Izinto ezingekho emthethweni kanye nemithi ethile kadokotela kanye ne-over-the-counter ivinjelwe ngokwezigaba ngaphansi koMthetho Federal No. 14 ka-1995 ophathelene nokuLawulwa Izidakamizwa Zezidakamizwa futhi Izinto ze-Psychotropic. Lo mthetho uchaza ngokucophelela okuhlukahlukene izinhlelo zezidakamizwa ezingekho emthethweni kanye nokuhlukaniswa kwazo ngokusekelwe emandleni okuhlukumeza nokulutheka.

Iyini Imithetho Yamacala Ahlobene Nezidakamizwa e-UAE

I-United Arab Emirates (UAE) kudala igcina inqubomgomo yokungawabekezeleli amacala ahlobene nezidakamizwa. Ngaphambilini, uMthetho Wombuso No. 14 ka-1995 Wezinyathelo Zokulwa Nezidakamizwa Nezidakamizwa Zengqondo wawubusa le ndawo. Kodwa-ke, i-UAE isanda kumisa i-Federal Decree-Law No. 30 of 2021 on Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, okuwumthetho wamanje nobuyekeziwe.

Izici ezibalulekile ze-Federal Decree-Law No. 30 of 2021 zihlanganisa:

  1. Izinto Ezinqatshelwe: Uhlu olubanzi lwezidakamizwa ezingekho emthethweni, izinto ze-psychotropic, namakhemikhali angaphambili asetshenziswa ekwenzeni izidakamizwa.
  2. Izenzo Zobugebengu: Ukungeniswa kwamanye amazwe, ukuthunyelwa kwamanye amazwe, ukukhiqizwa, ukutholakala, ukushushumbiswa, ukukhuthazwa, kanye nokwenza lula ukusetshenziswa kwezidakamizwa.
  3. Izijeziso ezinzima: Ukuba nempahla kungaholela ekuboshweni nenhlawulo, kanti ukushushumbiswa kwabantu noma ukushushumbiswa kungaholela ekuboshweni udilikajele noma isigwebo sentambo.
  4. Akukho Okuhlukile Kokusetshenziswa Komuntu Siqu: Noma yikuphi ukutholakala nezidakamizwa ezingekho emthethweni kuyicala lobugebengu, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi zingakanani noma inhloso yazo.
  5. Umthwalo Wobufakazi: Ukuba khona kwezidakamizwa noma izinto ezisetshenziswayo kuthathwa njengobufakazi obanele bokuba necala.
  6. Isicelo sangaphandle: Izizwe zase-UAE kanye nezakhamizi zingashushiswa ngamacala enziwe phesheya.
  7. Uhlelo Lomhlaba Wonke: Imithetho isebenza kubo bonke abantu, kungakhathaliseki ubuzwe, isiko noma inkolo.
  8. Izinhlelo Zokuvuselela: Umthetho uhlinzeka ngezinhlinzeko zezinhlelo zokuhlunyeleliswa kwezimilo nezokwelashwa kwabaphula umthetho wezidakamizwa.

Ngenkathi uMthetho Wombuso wangaphambilini onguNombolo 14 ka-1995 wabeka isisekelo sokulawulwa kwezidakamizwa, uMthetho omusha we-Federal Decree-Law No.

Iziphathimandla zisebenzisa le mithetho eqinile ngokuhlola okuvamile, izindlela zokuthola ezithuthukile, nokusebenzisana nezinhlangano zamazwe ngamazwe ukuze kuliwe nokushushumbiswa kwezidakamizwa kanye nobugebengu obuhlobene.

Izinhlobo Zamacala Ezidakamizwa e-UAE

Imithetho ye-UAE ihlukanisa amacala ezidakamizwa ngaphansi kwezigaba ezintathu eziyinhloko, nezijeziso ezinzima ezibekwe kubo bonke:

1. Ukusetshenziswa Komuntu Siqu

  • Ukuba nenani elincane lezidakamizwa ukuze uzisebenzisele umuntu siqu noma ukuzijabulisa akuvumelekile ngaphansi kwe-Article 39 yoMthetho Wezidakamizwa.
  • Lokhu kusebenza kuzo zombili izakhamizi zase-UAE kanye nabangaphandle abahlala noma abavakashela izwe.
  • Iziphathimandla zingenza ukuhlolwa kwezidakamizwa okungahleliwe, ukusesha, nokugasela ukuze bakhombe izaphula-mthetho zokusebenzisa komuntu siqu.

2. Ukukhuthazwa Kwezidakamizwa

  • Imisebenzi ekhuthaza ukusetshenziswa kabi kwezidakamizwa iphinde ibhekane nezijeziso ezinzima ngokwe-Athikili 33 kuya ku-38.
  • Lokhu kuhlanganisa ukuthengisa, ukusabalalisa, ukuthutha, ukuthumela, noma ukugcina izidakamizwa ngaphandle kwenhloso yokwenza inzuzo noma ithrafikhi.
  • Ukwenza amadili ezidakamizwa, ukwabelana ngoxhumana nabo, noma ukuhlinzeka ngezindawo zokusetshenziswa kwezidakamizwa nakho kuwela ngaphansi kwalesi sigaba.
  • Ukuphromotha noma ukukhangisa izidakamizwa ezingekho emthethweni nganoma iyiphi indlela kuthathwa njengecala lezidakamizwa.

3. Ukushushumbiswa Kwezidakamizwa

  • Ukwephulwa okubuhlungu kakhulu kubandakanya izindandatho zokushushumbiswa kwamanye amazwe ezishushumbisa inqolobane enkulu yezidakamizwa ezingekho emthethweni ziye e-UAE ukuze zisatshalaliswe futhi zenze inzuzo.
  • Izephulamthetho zibhekana nezigwebo zodilikajele kanye nesijeziso sokufa ngaphansi kwemibandela ethile ngokweSiqephu 34 ukuya ku-47 soMthetho Wezidakamizwa.
  • Ukuzama ukudayisa izidakamizwa noma ukuba umsizi womsebenzi wokushushumbiswa kwezidakamizwa nakho kuyicala elijeziswayo.

4. Amanye Amacala Ahlobene Nezidakamizwa

  • Ukuhlakulela noma ukukhiqiza izidakamizwa ezingekho emthethweni noma amakhemikhali angaphambili asetshenziswa ekukhiqizweni kwezidakamizwa.
  • Ukushushumbiswa kwemali okubandakanya inzuzo evela ebugebengwini obuhlobene nezidakamizwa.
  • Ukusebenzisa noma ukuba ngaphansi kwethonya lezidakamizwa ezingekho emthethweni ezindaweni zomphakathi.

Kwabaphula umthetho okokuqala ngqa, ikakhulukazi ezimeni zokusebenzisa umuntu siqu noma amacala amancane, umthetho we-UAE unikeza izinketho ezingaba khona zezinhlelo zokuhlunyeleliswa kwesimilo njengenye indlela yokuboshwa, kuye ngezimo nobukhulu becala.

I-UAE ithatha indlela ebanzi yokubhekana nazo zonke izici zobugebengu obuhlobene nezidakamizwa, kusukela ekusetshenzisweni komuntu siqu kuya emisebenzini yokushushumbisa emikhulu. Iziphathimandla zikhipha izijeziso ezinzima, ezihlanganisa ukuboshwa, izinhlawulo, ngisho nesigwebo sentambo kwezinye izimo, ukuze kunqandwe futhi kuliwe namacala ezidakamizwa phakathi kwemingcele yezwe. Imithetho isebenza kuwo wonke umhlaba, kungakhathaliseki ubuzwe bomuntu, inkolo, noma isizinda samasiko.

Yiziphi Izidakamizwa Ezithathwa Njengezinto Ezilawulwayo e-UAE

I-UAE igcina uhlu olubanzi lwezinto ezilawulwayo, okuhlanganisa kokubili izidakamizwa zemvelo nezokwenziwa. Lezi zihlukaniswa njengezidakamizwa ezinqatshelwe, izinto ezithinta ingqondo, namakhemikhali angaphambili asetshenziswa ekwenzeni izidakamizwa ezingekho emthethweni. Nakhu ukubuka konke kwethebula kwezinye zezinto ezinkulu ezilawulwayo e-UAE:

Isigabaizinto
OpioidsI-Heroin, i-Morphine, i-Codeine, i-Fentanyl, i-Methadone, i-Opium
IzikhuthazoI-Cocaine, i-Amphetamines (kuhlanganise ne-Methamphetamine), i-Ecstasy (MDMA)
Ama-hallucinogensI-LSD, i-Psilocybin (Amakhowe Omlingo), i-Mescaline, i-DMT
I-CannabinoidsInsangu (Insangu, Hashish), Ama-Synthetic Cannabinoids (Spice, K2)
Ama-DepressantsI-Barbiturates, i-Benzodiazepines (i-Valium, i-Xanax), i-GHB
Amakhemikhali EsandulelaEphedrine, Pseudoephedrine, Ergometrine, Lysergic Acid

Kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuthi lolu hlu aluphelele, futhi iziphathimandla ze-UAE zihlala zibuyekeza futhi zandisa uhlu lwezinto ezilawulwayo ukuze zifake izidakamizwa ezintsha zokwenziwa kanye nokuhluka kwamakhemikhali njengoba kuvela.

Ukwengeza, imithetho ye-UAE ayihlukanisi phakathi kwezigaba ezahlukene noma izinhlobo zezinto ezilawulwayo. Ukuba khona, ukusetshenziswa, noma ukushushumbiswa kwanoma yiziphi zalezi zinto, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi zihlukaniswa kanjani noma ubukhulu bazo, kuthathwa njengecala lobugebengu elinesijeziso esinzima, okuhlanganisa ukuboshwa, izinhlawulo, kanye nesijeziso sentambo kwezinye izimo.

Ukuma okuqinile kwe-UAE ezintweni ezilawulwayo kubonisa ukuzibophezela kwayo ekulweni nobugebengu obuhlobene nezidakamizwa kanye nokuthuthukisa impilo nokuphepha komphakathi ezweni.

Yiziphi Izijeziso Zobugebengu Bezidakamizwa e-UAE?

I-United Arab Emirates inemithetho eqinile emelene namacala ahlobene nezidakamizwa, ephoqelela inqubomgomo yokungabekezeleli nezinhlawulo ezinzima. Izijeziso zivezwe emthethweni we-UAE's Federal Law No. 30 ka-2021 Wokulwa Nezidakamizwa Nezinto Zengqondo.

Impahla Nokusetshenziswa Komuntu Siqu

  • Ukuba, ukuthola noma ukudla izidakamizwa ezingekho emthethweni kujeziswa ubuncane beminyaka emi-4 ejele kanye nenhlawulo okungenani engu-AED 20,000 (USD 5,400).
  • Izigwebo zingadlulela ekuboshweni udilikajele ngokusekelwe ohlotsheni nenani lezidakamizwa ezihilelekile.

Ukuhweba kanye Nenhloso Yokuhlinzeka

  • Ukushushumbiswa kwezidakamizwa noma ukutholakala ngenhloso yokuzihlinzeka kujeziswa ngokuboshwa udilikajele kanye nenhlawulo encane engu-AED 20,000.
  • Isigwebo sentambo singase futhi sisetshenziswe, ikakhulukazi emisebenzini emikhulu noma inani elikhulu lezidakamizwa.

Ukudingiswa Kwabantu Okungezona Izakhamizi

  • Abantu okungebona base-UAE abalahlwe yinoma iliphi icala lezidakamizwa babhekana nokuxoshwa ngokuzenzekelayo ezweni ngemva kokudonsa isigwebo sabo noma ukukhokha izinhlawulo, njengokusho kwe-Article 57.
  • Ukuxoshwa kwesinye isikhathi kungenzeka ngaphambi kokuqeda isigwebo esigcwele sasejele.

Esinye Isigwebo Esinomkhawulo

  • Ukuhlunyeleliswa kwezimilo, ukusebenzela umphakathi noma izigwebo ezincishisiwe azivamile ukunikezwa, ikakhulukazi emacaleni amancane okuqala noma uma izephula-mthetho zibambisana nophenyo.
  • Ukubuyiselwa kabusha okuphoqelekile kungase kuthathele indawo yejele esikhundleni sokutholakala kalula kwezinye izimo, kuye ngokubona kwenkantolo.

Izijeziso ezengeziwe

  • Ukushaqwa kwempahla/impahla esetshenziswa ebugebengwini bezidakamizwa.
  • Ukulahlekelwa kwamalungelo okuhlala kwabaphuma kwamanye amazwe.

Imithetho ye-UAE emelene nezidakamizwa ihlanganisa wonke umjikelezo kusukela ekukhiqizeni kuye ekusetshenzisweni. Ngisho nokuba nezimpahla zezidakamizwa noma izinsalela kungaholela ekukhokhisweni. Ukungazi umthetho akubhekwa njengokuzivikela.

Iziphathimandla zisebenzisa ngokuqinile lezi zijeziso. Kubalulekile ukuthi izakhamuzi nezivakashi zithobelane ngokuqinile nezinqubomgomo zezidakamizwa ze-UAE ezingabekezeleli nhlobo. Ukubonisana nochwepheshe bezomthetho kuhle kakhulu ukuthola isiqondiso esiphelele nesibuyekeziwe ngalolu daba.

Imiphumela Esemthethweni Yezivakashi Ezibanjwe Nezidakamizwa e-UAE

I-United Arab Emirates isebenzisa inqubomgomo engayekethisi yokungabekezeleli izidakamizwa nokusebenzisa kabi izidakamizwa. Lesi simo sisebenza ngokuqinile kubavakashi nezivakashi futhi. Ngisho nokulandelela amanani noma izinsalela zokusetshenziswa kwezidakamizwa ngaphambilini kungaholela emiphumeleni enzima yezomthetho kubavakashi e-UAE, okuhlanganisa:

Ukuboshwa Namacala

  • Abavakashi banesibopho sokuboshwa futhi bashushiswe ngokutholakala nanoma iyiphi isamba sezidakamizwa ezivinjelwe, kusukela kwiwunga kuya ezidakamizweni ezinzima.
  • Iziphathimandla ze-UAE ngokuvamile zenza ukuhlolwa kwegazi nomchamo, lapho ukuba khona nje kwezidakamizwa ohlelweni lomuntu kuhlanganisa ukutholakala.

Izijeziso Ezinzima

  • Kuye ngohlobo lwezidakamizwa kanye nenani elihilelekile, izivakashi zibhekana nezijeziso ezisukela ezinhlawulweni ezinkulu kuye kwezidonsa ejele isikhathi eside.
  • Izinhlawulo zingasukela ku-AED 10,000 (USD 2,722) ziye ku-AED 100,000 (USD 27,220) noma ngaphezulu ngamacala aphindaphindiwe.
  • Izigwebo zokuboshwa zisuka ezinyangeni ezimbalwa kuye eminyakeni eminingi, ezinemibandela eqinile yabenzi bobubi abaphindayo noma labo ababandakanyeka emisebenzini yokushushumbisa izidakamizwa.
  • Ezimweni ezimbi kakhulu ezihlobene nemisebenzi yokushushumbisa izidakamizwa ezinkulu, isigwebo sentambo singasetshenziswa.

Izichibiyelo Zomthetho Zakamuva

  • Ngenkathi i-UAE igcina ukuvinjelwa ngokuphelele kwezidakamizwa, ezinye izichibiyelo zakamuva zinikeza izinga elithile lokuyekelela ezimweni ezithile:
  • Ukuba nenani elincane le-THC/cannabis kungase kungaholeli ejele kulabo abaqala ngqa ukuboshwa. Kodwa-ke, le nto izothathwa, futhi izinhlawulo zisasebenza. Amafutha e-THC ahlala enqatshelwe ngokuphelele.
  • Izigwebo ezincane zamacala okutholakala okokuqala ziye zehliswa ezimeni ezithile.

Imikhawulo yokuxoshwa kanye nokuhamba

  • Bonke abantu bangaphandle, okuhlanganisa nezivakashi, babhekana nokudingiswa ngokuzenzakalelayo lapho belahlwa amacala ezidakamizwa ngemva kokudonsa izigwebo zabo noma ukukhokha izinhlawulo njengoba kugunyazwe umthetho we-UAE.
  • Labo abadingisiwe bangase babe ngaphansi kokuvinjelwa okunwetshiwe kohambo, kukhawulelwe ukungena kabusha e-UAE nakwezinye izizwe zase-Gulf.

Uma kubhekwa isimo sokungayekethisi se-UAE, kubaluleke kakhulu ukuthi izivakashi ziqaphele futhi zigweme noma yikuphi ukubandakanyeka nezidakamizwa noma izinto ezingekho emthethweni phakathi nokuvakasha kwazo ukuze zigweme imiphumela enzima yezomthetho engaba nemiphumela ehlala njalo.

Ngabe i-UAE ibambisana kanjani ne-Interpol ngamacala okushushumbisa izidakamizwa?

I-United Arab Emirates ilondoloza ukubambisana okuseduze ne-Interpol ukuze kuliwe nokushushumbiswa kwezidakamizwa emhlabeni wonke ngokusebenzisa imigudu ehlukahlukene. Okuyisisekelo yi-National Central Bureau (NCB) ye-UAE, esebenza njengokuxhumana okuyinhloko phakathi kwezikhungo zomthetho zasekhaya kanye nekomkhulu le-Interpol. I-NCB isiza ukwabelana ngezobunhloli, okuvumela iziphathimandla ze-UAE ukuthi zicele ngokuphephile idatha yabasolwa, izindlela zokushushumbisa, nezidakamizwa ezivela kwamanye amazwe angamalungu. Ngokuphambene, ubufakazi obuqoqwe emacaleni ezidakamizwa e-UAE bungasakazwa ngokushesha emhlabeni jikelele nge-NCB.

Lokhu kuhlanganisa kunikwe amandla inethiwekhi yezokuxhumana evikelekile ye-I-24/7 ye-Interpol, ekhuthaza ukushintshana kolwazi lwesikhathi sangempela esiwela imingcele. Ukwengeza, i-UAE NCB ingakhipha izaziso ezikhethekile kozakwabo emhlabeni wonke abafuna imininingwane yezindlela ezithile zokushushumbisa izidakamizwa. Ngaphandle kokwabelana ngolwazi, i-UAE ibamba iqhaza ngokuhlanganyela emisebenzini ehlanganyelwe ye-Interpol eqondise imizila nezinhlangano ezinkulu zokuhweba izidakamizwa. Isibonelo sakamuva bekuyi-Operation Lionfish, egxile ekuphazamiseni ukugeleza kwe-cocaine ezikhumulweni zezindiza zaseNingizimu-mpumalanga ye-Asia, i-Dubai eyeseka ngokwezimali.

Ukuze kuthuthukiswe amandla omthetho, abomthetho be-UAE nabo bayazuza ezinhlelweni zokuqeqesha ze-Interpol ezihlanganisa izinqubo ezingcono kakhulu zokuvimbela izidakamizwa. Lokhu kubambisana okunezici eziningi kubeka i-UAE njengozakwethu osebenzayo ekulweni nokushushumbiswa kwezidakamizwa emhlabeni wonke.

Indlela Ummeli Okhethekile Angasiza Ngayo

Ukufuna i uchwepheshe we-UAE ummeli kubalulekile uma ubheka phansi imiphumela emibi njengemisho yeshumi leminyaka noma ukubulawa.

Umeluleki ofanelekile uzoba:

  • abanolwazi ngendawo umuthi Amacala
  • Ukukhathazeka mayelana nokuzuza umphumela omuhle kakhulu
  • Amasu ekuhlanganiseni okuqinile izivikelo
  • Ikalwe kakhulu ngamaklayenti adlule
  • Ukwazi kahle kokubili isi-Arabhu nesiNgisi

imibuzo ejwayelekile ukubuzwa

Yiziphi ezivame kakhulu umuthi amacala e-UAE?

Okuvame kakhulu umuthi amacala ifa of insangu, MDMA, opium, namaphilisi kadokotela afana neTramadol. Ukushushumbisa amanani ngokuvamile ahlobene nezikhuthazi zohlobo lwe-hashish ne-amphetamine.

Ngingabheka kanjani ukuthi ngine-a irekhodi lobugebengu e-UAE?

Thumela isicelo eMnyangweni Wamarekhodi Obugebengu wase-UAE namakhophi epasipoti yakho, ikhadi le-ID ye-Emirates, kanye nezitembu zokungena/zokuphuma. Bazosesha amarekhodi enhlangano futhi badalule uma ekhona izinkolelo zikufayela. Sinayo a isevisi yokuhlola amarekhodi obugebengu.

Ngingakwazi ukuya e-UAE uma nginengane yangaphambilini ukugwetshwa kwezidakamizwa kwenye indawo?

Ngokobuchwepheshe, ukwamukelwa kungase kwenqatshelwe kulabo abangaphandle ukugwetshwa kwezidakamizwa kwezinye izimo. Kodwa-ke, ngamacala amancane, usengakwazi ukungena e-UAE uma sekudlule iminyaka ethile kwenzeka lesi sigameko. Noma kunjalo, ukubonisana nomthetho kuyancomeka kusengaphambili.

Sishayele manje ukuze uthole isikhathi esiphuthumayo ku- + 971506531334 + 971558018669

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